Theraputic Value Of Music Essay Research Paper — страница 2
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is the only way I can go to sleep.” “Listening to music calms me and tends to aid in getting rid of headaches.” “Music relaxes me when I need it and also it helps me get pumped up for sports or for work.” #2-Logical Appeal, Reason With Evidence: Many studies have been performed and one of them on a group of depressed adolescents. Two forms of therapy performed on them to find which worked best were massage or music therapy. First, thirty adolescents around the age of eighteen were randomly assigned to massage and music group. All were unmarried and their socioeconomic status was low. Sixty percent being African American and the other forty percent were Hispanic. After the massage and music sessions, three-minute electroencephalogram (EEG) recordings were obtained. With a stretchable lycra “EEG” cap that was place on the participant’s head, electrodes were positioned and place at the outer canthus and around one eye. Eye movement and gross motor movement was monitored. The massage therapy the adolescents received were of a Swedish style which consisted of long, broad strokes, using moderate pressure, and administered to the back, arms, hands, and neck. The music therapy given to the adolescents involved listening to fifteen minutes of uplifting rock music. This music had previously been selected by another group of adolescents who were similar to the group being studied. The music list consisted of “Straight Up” by Paula Abdul, a song that is upbeat and can be dance to. “Nasty” by Janet Jackson, another upbeat and dance song. “Vision of Love” by Mariah Carey, this song is a love ballad. The last song was “Keep the Faith” by Michael Jackson and is a moderate in tempo and an inspirational song. All students wore headphones while listening to the songs. Though both massage and music therapy altered the depressive symptoms, music scored the most over the massages received (Jones 2) Emotional and Ethical Appeal (if appropriate): #3-Logical Appeal, Reason With Evidence: Human beings have always found intensely personal meaning in patterns of sound. Robert Jourdain has examined the brain and its patterns to sound in his book, “Music, the Brain, and Ectasy.” Mr. Jourdain has found that our brain makes sense out of what it hears and makes a relation. If we are stressed and music begins to play, our brain will use the music as a tool to help in coping with the stress or frustration. Emotional and Ethical Appeal (if appropriate): It is often read or heard in the press that the right side of the brain is relational and the left side of the brain is analytical. According to Jourdain, such descriptions are extremely na?ve and are a misconception of what laterilization is all about. Laterilization is the notion that each side of the brain dominates certain activities. Dominance does not mean absolute control according to Jourdain. (Jourdain 280) The generalization of the roles of the two sides of the brain is that the left brain is particularly concerned with modeling relations between events across time, while the right brain favors relation between simultaneously occurring events. The left hemisphere specialized in not jus the grammatical transformations of language but also trains of analytical thinking, purpose of physical movements, perception and generation of rhythmic patterns in music. While the right hemisphere is expert of modeling relations, body position, and relations among sounds and the musical chords. Dominance in melody processing goes to the right hemisphere.(Jourdain 281) Possibly more Appeals: Opposing Position: Logical Appeals (And possibly ethical appeals) to Refute: Repetition of Position Statement: Music has therapeutic value, as many researchers have proven. Though the criticism and disagreements from others, music has a definite positive effect overall.