The Whig Party Essay Research Paper Politics — страница 2
- Просмотров 244
- Скачиваний 5
- Размер файла 17 Кб
leak from the Democratic Republican party. Jackson?s alienation of nullification once again dissuaded some major political leaders from his party, driving them instead to the Whigs. These leaders brought with them loyal voters, and the power of the Whig party swelled. The National Bank had been dealt a death blow by the replacement of the secretary of the treasury, and this caused some of it?s main proponents to abandon Democratic Republicanism for Whiggery. Even northern and southern Whigs were unified. Time only sealed this union, as the industrial revolution came about. Northern Whigs produced textiles, and Southern Whigs produced the cotton needed for it. Being that the Whigs were liberally spread across the young nation, with no specific central power base, neither was in the minority and both got along quite well politically. In New England, as well as other areas, the Whigs were almost universally supported by the clergy, and rarely was there a university professor who was not clearly a Whig. The Whigs also had the support of the “Squirarchy”, the richest and most influential of the farmers. Although, as previously stated, the Whigs had no clear single power house between North and South, it is found that wherever New Englanders went, they brought Whiggery with them. As the 30?s progressed and drew to an end, the Whigs were becoming a strong and cohesive party, on the verge of capturing the presidency. All it?s separate factions had integrated and it was ready for action. This is not to say that all of Whiggery was entirely unanimous on every subject, but if a subject could be referred back to limiting the “near monarchic rule” of the executive branch, unity could be found. The Whigs felt that they and they alone had inherited Jefferson?s ideology and that they were the only republicans, all others were Tories. They professed John Locke as almost a John the Revelatory and the Treaties on Government as the Bible of Whiggery. The election of 1840 was to prove quite interesting for the Whigs. Their candidate, William Henry Harrison was a war hero, a General who one the battle at Tippecanoe. Harrison observed that the very forced which drove Jackson into office were now working for him. He thought that the old soldiers and pioneers would identify him as a kindred spirit due to his Tippecanoe victory. Now that John C. Calhoun had returned to the democrats, John Tyler was the most notable state-rights Whig. This made him the perfect running mate for Harrison so that the southern states could be won. The Whigs tried to convince the public that they were the only true Jeffersonians, and started to call the Democrats federalists. To seize the frontier vote, Harrison identified himself with such symbols as long cabins, and cider barrels. Bar owners called their establishments Log-Cabin Saloons. Seeing an angle in this, the democrats went for the temperance vote, drinking only pure water for toasts and mocking Whig “indulgence”. The Whigs promised the working man, “Harrison, two dollars a day, and roast beef”. The Church supported Harrison in a way that his fellow Whig leader Henry Clay never could be. Also abolitionists supported Harrison, whereas Clay was a slaveholder. Harrison won the election and was put into office for a whole month before he passed away. The presidential term itself was not as successful as the election. The unity of all the factions which voted for Harrison quickly dissolved and after Harrison died, Tyler made it perfectly clear that the faction he represented was in no way part of the Whig party, merely an ally. Having no official party platform, Clay sought to create one by issuing a set of resolutions presented in the special sessions of congress in 1841. These were a call back to the old National Republican days and were quickly vetoed by states rights advocate Tyler. Tyler was then formal ejected from the Whig party. Henry Clay, arguably the greatest Whig, saw nomination in the election of 1844. He dropped out however due to his total agreement with the policies of the Van Buren Democrats. This was not a very wise move. The southern Whigs felt he had given up to a “federalist”. The following election, 1848, saw another Whig victory. The nomination had come down to Zachary Taylor or Henry Clay. The party opted to go for Zachary Taylor due to his military background in the war with Mexico. Henry Clay was quoted as saying, “I wish I could kill a Mexican”. Millard Fillmore was to be vice president. Being as both president and vice president were firmly committed to slavery, the Southern Whigs were taken aback when Zachary Taylor advised admission of California with its free state Constitution.