The Use Of The Super Natural In — страница 2

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this object but he cannot touch it. The fact that he is hallucinating is made clear when he says: “Is this a dagger which I see before me, / The handle toward my hand Come, let me clutch thee; / I have thee not, and yet I see thee still. / Art thou not, fatal vision, sensible/ To feelings as to sight.” ( Macbeth, Act 2 Scene 1). After Duncan’s death, Lennox speaks of an unruly night. Lennox has arrived at Macbeth’s castle to ride with the king. Screams of death and an earthquake were a few of the unruly things they experienced. In the next scene Ross and the Old Man discuss the strange happenings of the night of Duncan’s death. The old man is seventy years old and he says he cannot recall a night like it. Ross, also mentions the dark night as Lennox did. The old Man

agrees with Ross and then speaks of another unnatural passing, a falcon, was attacked by an owl. To the reader the falcon could represent Duncan and the owl, Macbeth. Ross then mentions Duncan’s beautiful horses. He calls them the finest of the breeds, well trained and obedient. He says that they became savage, attacking one another when their master died. The killing of anyone was an unnatural deed, but, the killing of the key was an act against God. Scottish people believed that God appointed their kings. Their king was considered almost divine. Killing the king was an act against God, therefore, all the unnatural happenings. Shakespear uses the supernatural again in Act 3, Scene 4, only this time the supernatural is not a witch, but, the Ghost of Banquo. Macbeth was having a

large feast to celebrate his kingship. Banquo could not attend the feast and Macbeth seized this as the perfect opportunity to kill Banquo. He was the only person other then himself, who knew the promises the witches had made to him. Banquo, also suspected Macbeth, of killing Duncan. Macbeth sent murderers after Banquo and his son Fleance, because Macbeth sees Fleance as a threat to the throne. The murderers kill Banquo but Fleance escapes. Macbeth is shocked and terrified when Banquo suddenly appears in his chair at the banquet. Banquo has gory locks, and has several wounds. Immediately, Macbeth, asks who is playing this terrible prank on him. Macbeth does not realize that Banquo’s ghost is visible only to him. Everyone in the banquet hall stares at Macbeth thinking that the

king has taken ill. Lady Macbeth quickly says that her husband takes seizures and to ignore him because he would be embarrassed if he exited his seizure and saw them staring at him. Macbeth meanwhile asks; “if charnel houses and our graves must send/ Those that we bury back, our monuments/ Shall be the maws of kites.” (Macbeth, Act 3, Scene 4) Shakespear uses the Ghost of Banquo to create interest in the middle of the play. Ghosts were becoming a common topic among the people in the sixteenth century. Shakespear, also uses the Ghost of Banquo to make the audience believe that Macbeth may be a little crazy. He sees daggers and now only he can see the Ghost that suddenly appears. In reality, Banquo, was a tyrant like Macbeth, but, Shakespear, decided not to insult King James by

showing everyone in England that their king had obtained the throne wrongfully. King James was Shakespear’s main source of funds at the time. In Act 3, Scene 5, the witches appear again, only this time they are meeting with Hecate, Queen of the witches. Hecate is furious with them for not consulting her, before they spoke to Macbeth. Researchers, scholars, and Shakespear critics do not believe that Shakespear wrote this scene. These people believe that drama groups who were performing Macbeth added the scene, after Shakespear’s death. The scene was likely used to catch audience attention in the middle of the play. Shakespear, received the audience’s attention in Act 4 Scene 1. A boiling cauldron, in a cave sets a dark and eerie mood. The audience surely would have been on

the edge of their seats when they heard what the witches were putting into their cauldron. “Scale of dragon, tooth of wolf, / Witches’ mummy maw and gulf.” (Macbeth, Act 4, Scene 1). The above were some of the objects that were thrown into the witches’ cauldron. Macbeth enters after the cauldron is bubbling from the ingredients the witches have put in it. We are unsure if they gave Macbeth a herbal drug. They may have given hemlock to, Macbeth, to make him hallucinate. Macbeth had gone to the witches demanding to know what his future may hold, how long he will be king and whom he should fear. The witches call forth the evil spirits that they serve. An apparition rises above the boiling cauldron. The first apparition is a warrior and warns Macbeth of Macduff. This