The Use Of The Sonnet Essay Research

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The Use Of The Sonnet Essay, Research Paper A poet called Petrach developed the sonnet form in Italy. It is a poem made up of 14 lines of iambic pentameter. An Italian rhyme scheme is ABBA ABBA in the first octave. The sestet can be CDCDCD which was the original scheme, or CDECDE. The sonnet was brought to England by Sir Thomas Wyatt and The Earl of Surrey who visited Italy during the Renaissance. Sonnets were originally wrote in Latin but the English poets found the Latin rhyme scheme hard and restrictive in the English language. This was how the English and Shakespearean form developed. They still used 14 lines of iambic pentameter, but the rhyme scheme changed to ABAB CDCD EFEF GG. It would then be three quatrains and then finish up with a rhyming couplet. The Italian and

Shakespearean are the most common forms of sonnets. A poet called Milton changed the petrachan form to fit his own style. This was known as a Miltonic Sonnet. Italian sonnets always had a pause between the octave; the first octave usually presented a general idea while the sestet would be more concluding. The English sonnet had the pause between the quatrain and the rhyming couplet. Instead of dividing his sonnet into two parts, Milton let his ideas flow onto a final conclusion or statement. The sonnet ?Let me not to the marriage of true minds? is a Shakespearean sonnet written in the 16th Century. Shakespeare is contemplating about love and how you only have one ?true? love and how you should never let them go. Shakespeare does this by comparing love to a guiding star. ?It is

the star to every wandering bark? In those days a ship would be called a bark and would navigate by using the stars. This symbolizes that when you have found you love it is the star that can guide you through life. Shakespeare is so sure that love is like this that he wrote: ?If this be error, and upon me prov?d I never writ, nor no man ever lov?d? This suggests that he feels so strong about true love that if he is wrong about it he must never have loved before. In Shakespeare?s time, people did not always marry because of love; they would marry because of financial situations or to increase estates. When reading this sonnet I got the feeling that maybe Shakespeare had married because of one of these reasons and then after the marriage found his true love. ?O, no! It is an ever

– fixed mark? This suggests that he is feeling guilty about how he has betrayed his wife by finding another woman who he truly loves. This sonnet also expresses the importance of pure love, love that is not just physical or just about the mind, a love that combines heart, mind and soul. The second sonnet I looked at was called ?On First Looking into Chapman?s Homer? which was written in the 19th Century. When I first read this sonnet I was a little confused as to what it was about, but as I read it a second and third time through I began to notice that the poet was speaking of another poet be the name Chapman. The first line is a short statement about where he has traveled. ?Much have I traveled in the realms of gold? This suggests that the person who wrote this poem has

traveled a lot and been in among the riches. The sonnet goes on to compare Chapman’s poetry to that of Apollo: ?Which bards in fealty to Apollo hold.? The poet thinks that Chapman’s poetry was so amazing that, Apollo who was the Greek God of poetry was no way as good as him. He then goes on to compare how he felt when he heard this poem to how someone felt when they had discovered a new planet: ?Then felt I like some watcher of the skies When a new planet swims into his ken.? When writing these lines the poet has used the word ?ken? which is another word for knowledge, this was so that it would rhyme with the word ?serene? so that it would fit the rhyming scheme of a sonnet. The third sonnet was called ?Anthem for Doomed Youth? and was written in the 19th Century. When I