The unions of artists - "THE BLUE ROSE" AND "THE JACK OF DIAMONDS"
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The unions of artists - "THE BLUE ROSE" AND "THE JACK OF DIAMONDS" "A blue rose" The largest art education after "the art World" and "the Union of Russian artists" was "the Blue rose". Under this name in 1907 in Moscow the exhibition which has united group of young artists, recent pupils of the Moscow school of painting, sculpturing and architecture - followers of Borisov-Musatov has taken place. Though this exhibition was unique, it has revealed a generality of initial creative principles and graphic receptions of the masters presented by it which have formed a special direction in Russian painting. The exhibition "Blue rose" has noted only passing moment in their creative evolution, but the moment significant. It was time of the confusion which have captured a considerable part of Russian society in atmosphere of reaction after defeat of revolution, time reflected in art by an ambiguity of the purposes. The aggravated sensitivity to shades, nuances of vague moods generated images unsteady, escaping, attracted artists to searches of the rafinirovanno-refined colour relations, a thin is decorative-ornamental melodic rhythm, difficult effects of the matte-flickering picturesque invoice. The characteristic sample of such painting is "the Blue fountain" (1905) - an early cloth of one of leading masters of a direction of P.V.Kuznetsova (1878-1968). The further evolution of this artist is typical for the majority of masters of "the Blue rose". It consisted in overcoming of the hypertrophied psychologism, in aspiration to come back to primary simplicity of sensations of a reality. It was not, however, a way of refusal of former picturesque system, and its logic development and perfection. So there is a series of the pictures devoted заволжским and the Central Asian steppes. Contemplation of immense open spaces, supervision of a measuredly-quiet life of nomad tribes has brought with itself clearing from under the power of vague moods, has turned the artist from eternally escaping to eternally real. "A Mirage in steppe" (1912) - one of the most perfect products of this cycle. The high sky, quiet lines of horizon, soft outlines of tents freely disseminated in space, accrete with the earth and repeating outlines of a heavenly dome, simple and rhythmical movements of the people cutting sheep, preparing the food, sleeping, - all it thanks to surprisingly thin, to accord of color, forms and contours develops in поэтически a complete picture of the world, over which not imperiously time. Before us primitive patriarchal idyll, "Golden Age", dream of harmony of the person and the nature, come true in reality. Painting of these cloths is based on thin нюансировке the colorful surface which have got riches and sonority of color tone, before obscured and foggy. Flexible live contours as if are seen through a transparent ripple нагретого by the sun of air. Subjects thanks to it stay on a cloth as though in a suspension, are spiritualized, get a certain magic weightlessness. It seems, that all image is penetrated by a uniform live rhythm, as though a silent wave of the lyrical delight changing a picture of the validity in certain "paradise vision". The thin pathetic lyrics of painting is combined with solemn rhythmic of the compositions counterbalanced and symmetric. Ориентальная the theme organically enters into creativity of other participant of "the Blue rose", together with Кузнецовым studying in the Moscow school, - M.S.Sarjana (1880-1972). Picturesque method Сарьяна receives the perfected form in 10th years of XX century under impression of trips to Turkey, Iran and Egypt. The artist does not write off everything from nature, that sees an eye, and searches a complete picturesque