The Theatre Essay Research Paper Introduction — страница 2

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over two dozen. They were all over the city, mostly located where crowds would be attracted. A major theatre in that time was known as The New Theatre, built in 1798. The most important thing about this theatre is that it brought an almost unpopulated area to a prime residential area. The Bowery Theatre, built in 1825 and later called The Thalia, and the New Theatre, (later called the Park), were the most popular theatres built at this time. The Park existed until 1848 and The Bowery, rebuilt five times on the same spot, was in use until it burned down in 1929. -5- By the 1850s, Broadway had become the center for theatre in New York because it was becoming New York?s ?Main Street.? According to George Templeton Strong, Broadway, now paved and lighted, had become ?fit to walk in

of an evening.?2 By the end of the century, theatres had moved their way up Broadway as far north as West 36 Street.In the second half of the century, many immigrants were populating the city. When they came, they brought their different cultures and different aspects of theatre, demanding more theatres to house them. The Minstrel show, about life in the South, had become very popular as well. -6- Chapter 3 20th Century As the population of the city grew, it continued to move north. The theatres moved with it. In 1895, Oscar Hammerstein I built a huge theatre, the Olympia, near Long Acre Square (where the New York Times is published). He chose a location between 44 and 45 Streets on Broadway. The theatre was not successful, but he was later called ?The man who created Times

Square?.3 Most of the theatres in use today were built in the Times Square area between 1900 and 1930. Many theatres built at that time were changed to movie theatres or torn down, but those that are still there serve as the heart of American theatre today. Right now, on Broadway, there are twenty two shows running. These are the shows, the theatres they are in and some information about each theatre: 1. An Inspector Calls – Royale Theatre, 242 West 45 St. Opened January 11, 1927 with a show called Piggy. 2. Beauty and the Beast – Palace Theatre, 1564 Broadway. Opened March 24, 1913 with a vaudeville show. 3. Blood Brothers – Music Box Theatre, 239 West 45 St. Opened September 22, 1921 with a show called Music Box Revue. 4. Cats – Winter Garden Theatre, 1634 Broadway.

Opened March 20, 1911with a show called La Belle Paree. 5. Crazy For You – Shubert Theatre,225 West 44 St. Opened October 2, 1913 with Hamlet. 6. Damn Yankees – Marquis Theatre, 1555 Broadway. Opened in the mid-1980s as part of the Marriott Marquis Hotel. Three theatres were torn down to build this hotel,over the protests of many theatre people. 7. Defending the Caveman – Helen Hayes Theatre, 240 W 44 St. Opened March 12, 1912 with a show called The Pigeon. This is the second theatre named after ?The First Lady of The American Theatre.? the first one was torn down for the Marriott. -7- 8. Grease – Eugene O?Neill Theatre,230 West 49 St. Opened November 25, 1925 with a show called Mayflowers. 9. The Heiress – Cort Theatre, 138 West 48 St. Opened December 12, 1912 with a

show called Peg o? My Heart. 10. How to Succeed in Business Without Really Trying – Richard Rodgers Theatre,226 West 46 St. Opened December 24, 1924 with a show called The Greenwich Village Follies. 11. Jackie Mason – Politically Incorrect – Golden Theatre, 252 West 45 St. Opened February 24, 1927 with a show called Puppets of Passion. 12. Kiss of the Spider Woman – Broadhurst Theatre, 235 West 44 St. Opened September 27, 1917 with a show called Misalliance. 13. Les Miserables – Imperial Theatre, 249 West 45 St. Opened December 25, 1923 with a show called Mary Jane McKane. 14. Love! Valour! Compassion! – Walter Kerr Theatre,219 West 48 St. no other information available. 15. Miss Saigon – Broadway Theatre, Broadway at 53 St. Opened December 24, 1924 with a show

called The New Yorkers. 16. The Moliere Comedies – Roundabout Theatre, 1530 Broadway no other information available. 17. The Phantom of the Opera -Majestic Theatre, 247 West 44 St. Opened March 28, 1927 with a show called Rufus LeMaire?s Affairs. 18. Show Boat – Gershwin Theatre, 222 West 51 St. Opened November 18, 1972 with a show called Via Galactica. 19. Sunset Boulevard – Minskoff Theatre, 200 West 45 St. Opened March 13, 1973 with a show called Irene. 20. Translations – Booth Theatre, 222 West 45 St. Opened October 16, 1913 with a show called The Great Adventure. 21. Uncle Vanya – Circle in the Square, 1633 Broadway. Opened November 15, 1972 with a show called Mourning Becomes Electra. 22. The Who?s TOMMY – St. James Theatre, 246 West 44 St. Opened September 26,