The Temple Mount Essay Research Paper The

  • Просмотров 267
  • Скачиваний 5
  • Размер файла 15

The Temple Mount Essay, Research Paper The Temple of Jerusalem Every organization in the world has a focal point; a place, thing, or idea that embodies the existence and purpose of the group. Religion is not different from this generalization. Every religion has something specific it worships, usually a god or very important idea of that god. The Jews are no different. They worship one god and his principles; but they have different things which embody these. The Torah is the religious book which embodies their god, but perhaps more importantly to them as a people is the Temple of David in Jerusalem. The Temple of Jerusalem is quite possibly the single most important part of Jewish history in Jerusalem and the world. The original temple was called the Temple of David.

According to scripture, God had told David himself not to build it, but to wait until his son Solomon was king and let him build it. (Solomon’s Speech) That was what Solomon did, completing the temple in c.960 BCE. In Solomon’s Prayer of Dedication, many important aspects of that Temple are expressed. One was the idea that God had made an agreement with David that the completion of the Temple would ensure a ruler of David’s line would always occupy the throne of the Jewish kingdom. In stating this he also stated that this temple and Jerusalem, the city it was built in, would be God’s house forever (Solomon’s Dedication), long as God’s people, the Israelites, acted in God’s favor. A third important statement was that of Jerusalem and its temple becoming a place for

all foreigners to be welcome to come to worship the lord. He entreats God to hear the prayers of these people as well as the Israeli people when they pray in the direction of the temple. All of these things were important because in reality, these were combined into a statement of national identity. Solomon had created a temple that was the focal point of a nation that was based on the laws and word of their God. This established national identity was closely linked to, if not dependent on Jerusalem and the Temple, the place where God ruled from on earth. (Solomon’s Prayer of Dedication) This was the beginning of the Israeli Nation and even the seeds of Zion Theory. Zion Theory is the belief that the city of Jerusalem can never be injured, much less destroyed, because it was

the city in which God dwells. The Jews simply believed that no matter what the circumstances, they would be safe as inhabitants of Jerusalem because God would never allow anything bad to happen to his home. Unfortunately for the Jews, there was a glitch in the theory. In 587 BCE, the Babylonians came to Jerusalem, sacked the city, and destroyed the Temple. The “important” inhabitants of Jerusalem were brought to Babylon as slaves. The rest of the Jews were exiled from the city. According to Ezekiel, God had left Jerusalem through the east gate and allowed for the destruction of the city, temple, and the exile of his subjects because they had ceased to please him and act in his favor. (Ezekiel 8, Gods Glory Leaves Jerusalem) In 517 BCE, a second Temple was built in place of

the first. The Persians had defeated the Babylonians and Cyrus the Great sent the Jews back to Jerusalem to rebuild their city and Temple. At first they were selfish and started rebuilding their homes soon after there arrival, neglecting the Temple. Perhaps this shows that at the time, Jews felt more unification as a Nation then as a religious group. Under Haggai and Zecheriah, two important Jewish profits, the Jews were convinced to build the Temple before all else. They were told that Jerusalem would not thrive until it was complete. The Lord would not provide for them until his house was in order. (Haggai with Zecheriah) The Temple was then rebuilt and the Jewish Nation was restored once again in Jerusalem. A great deal happened as a result of the building of the second