The Tempest Allegorical To The Bible — страница 2
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same as Lucifer was once an Angel of God who left the fold. Prospero cannot change the mind of Caliban, he can only read it and hope to thwart his plots. Caliban’s status as an outsider is shown in the following quote: A devil, a born devil, on whose nature Nurture can never stick! on whom my pains, Humanely taken, all, all lost, quite lost (IV. I. 188-93)! Caliban’s ethics and morals also help reinforce his representation of Satan. Caliban has a very different sense of morals when compared to the average human. Through his interaction with Propsero and Miranda at the beginning of the play, we learn that Caliban attempted to rape Miranda. However, in their dialogue, the responses given by Caliban show that he has no remorse about the action itself–only that he got caught. O ho, O ho! Would’t had been done! Thou didst prevent me; I had peopled else This isle with Calibans (I, ii, 349). Through this quote, it can be inferred that Caliban has no ethics or conscious as we define them. Another example of Caliban’s distorted values occurs later in the play, when he has aligned himself with Stephano and Trinculo. Here, he humiliates himself by telling Stephano that he will kiss his feet and lick his shoes simply to show his alliance to Stephano and in order to get Stephano and Trinculo to trust him. This shows how Caliban has no pride or loyalty; he manipulates others to serve his own selfish needs, wants, and desires. A final example of Caliban representing Satan occurs when he attempts to talk Stephano and Trinculo into killing Prospero. In this scene, he lies to Trinculo and Stephano and tells them that he was once master of the island, but Prospero overthrew him. He asks Stephano to take the island back over; in exchange for his freedom, Caliban agrees to serve Stephano, who will be the new ruler of the island. Parallels between this scenerio and the exile from the garden of Eden story in the Bible. Both involve two characters who are tempted with great power and knowlege by an evil being–Satan. Both are successfully tempted by the evil foce; both eventually suffer for their choices. “The Tempest”, by William Shakespeare, is a very interesting and entertaining story when viewed by its face value. However, when one analyzes the characters, settings, and situations, one realizes the deeper meaning intended by Shakespeare in composing the drama. Through his creation of the island microcosm, which is ruled by Prospero and undermined by Caliban, the Bard creates a masterful work which glorifies a merciful God, who will forgive sins through repentance. In “The Tempest”, Shakespeare creates a story that is valuable for more than just entertainment purposes–he creates a work of art. Works Cited Still, Colin. Shakespeare’s Mystery Play: A Study of “The Tempest”. Cecil Palmer, 1921. Knight, Wilson G. The Crown of Life: Essays in Interpretation of Shakespeare’s Final Plays. Barnes & Noble, Inc., 1947. Leech, Clifford. Shakespeare’s Tragedies and Other Studies in Seventeenth Century Drama. Chatto and Windus, 1950.