The teaching knowlege test

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Portfolio Potseluev Andrei Aleksandrovich 1. Grammar Task 1 I compared 2 grammar books. Practical English Usage by Michael Swan &. English Grammar in Use by Raymond Murphy. English Grammar in Use by Raymond Murphy shows the basic rules of grammar with using of visual methods, and lots of exercises, which trains the users of this book. The book is intended for students of intermediate level. In contrast to English Grammar in Use, Practical English Usage is theoretical material. It contains hundreds of grammar rules with examples, focus reader's attention on the most difficult points of English grammar for foreign learners and the most common mistakes. The book is intended for higher level students and for teachers. They both are useful for studying language. I think that

training is essential condition of success in learning, but good theory is on the basis of correct speech. I would prefer Practical English Usage because it has helpful materials for studying and teaching, easy explanations of difficult grammar aspects, a great number of examples and “not to use examples”. It helps in all the forms of performance. Task 2 *Active voice In an active sentence, the subject of the verb usually does or causes the action, e.g. The car hit the tree. *Passive voice, progressive In a passive sentence, something is done to or happens to the subject of the verb, e.g. The tree was hit by the car. * Clause A clause generally consists of a subject and a finite verb relating to the subject and any other elements, e.g. object. A clause can be a full sentence

or a part of a sentence. Main clause When the teacher arrived, the learners stopped talking. Subordinate clause When the teacher arrived, the learners stopped talking. Relative clause The learners who were sitting near the front stood up. *Modal verb A modal verb is a verb used with other verbs to show ideas such as ability or obligation or possibility. They include can, must, will, should, e.g. I can speak French, but I should study even harder. *Phrase A group of words often without a finite verb that do not form a sentence, e.g. the green car, on Friday morning are phrases. Also a group of words that together have a particular meaning. *Question tag A phrase such as isn’t it? or doesn’t he? that is added to the end of a sentence to make it a question, or to check that

someone agrees with the statement just made, e.g. It’s very cold, isn’t it? *Tense A form of the verb that shows whether something happens in the past, present or future. Future forms Future with going to I’m going to visit my aunt on Sunday. It’s going to rain. Future with present continuous He is meeting John for dinner at eight tomorrow. Future with present simple The plane leaves at 9.00 next Saturday. Future with will or shall I’ll help with the cleaning. It will be lovely and sunny tomorrow. Past continuous, progressive I was watching TV all evening. Past perfect continuous, progressive I had been studying for three hours so I felt tired Past perfect simple After I had phoned Mary, I went out. Past simple I went on holiday to France last year. Present continuous,

progressive I am working in London now. Present continuous, progressive for future He is meeting John for dinner at eight tomorrow. Present perfect continuous, progressive I have been studying for three years. Present perfect simple I have known him for a long time. Task 3 Web dictionary www.vocabulary.comis less useful for learners than www.dictionary.cambrige.org because the second one, besides dictionary, contains various activities for studying language, as games, tests, texts and so on. Lexis is distributed to topics. It helps to remember any material better, while www.voabulary.com gives only lexicographic information 2. Lexis Task 1 Dawn Denotations noun daybreak; sunrise. noun the sky when light first appears in the morning noun the beginning of something verb to begin to