The Sun Also Rises 5 Essay Research — страница 2

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become a woman devoid of womanhood (Bardacke 12). Having done such intense research on the topic of Brett Ashley, I find that both arguments are very compelling. I believe, however, that there is another view of Brett Ashley that can be supported. She is both a bitch-goddess and a wounded-heroine. The bitch goddess stereotype is supported by treating men like toys to be disposed of when she grows tired of them. Robert Cohn is an excellent example. She uses him to get away when the two of them take a weekend in San Sebastian, only to later reject his later attempts to give their relationship any sort of special meaning. Robert is so devoted to her and his worships her so intensely that his pride is destroyed. As Mimi Gladstein points out, The final memento he has to carry away

from his encounter with Brett is a sock in the face from Pedro Romero (Gladstein 58). Mike Campbell, as well, is another man who is reduced in his association with Brett. To be truthful, not much can be said for Mike to begin with, but after his relationship with Brett he is left alone and penniless. Then there is Jake Barnes, who, despite loving Brett truly, is only used as an emotional crutch for Brett to back-upon. Yet, for all her faults, I still do not see Brett as a bitch-goddess. She has certain positive mothering qualities that are also evident. She and Jake met in a hospital while she was a nurse during the war. Mike Campbell even mentions her mothering qualities, She loves looking after people. That s how we came to go off together. She was looking after me (Hemingway,

206). Brett also takes care of Romero after his fistfight with Robert, and she tries to maintain peace among the group with at the fiesta. It would be a draw between the title of queen-slut bitch and broken heroine if it were not for Brett s dealings with Romero. Brett did actually love Romero , but she choses to leave him because she knows that she is not good for him. The age difference between Romero is stressed when Brett states, I m thirty-four, you know, I m not going to be one of these bitches that ruins children (247). This statement is key because, for the first time in a long time, Brett is putting another person s welfare before her own. This action preserves the only thing left to Brett, her self respect. This sacrificial act has make her heroic and she returns to

Mike and his shallow, alcoholic world because that is her world as well. While some critics perceive Hemingways character Brett Ashley as a witch or Circe, others see her as a heroine crushed by fate, love, and war. While there is evidence that supports both claims, I believe Brett is a mixture of both that, in the end, becomes more heroic by sacrificing to protect another person s welfare and returning to the world that is her own. Works Cited Bardacke, Theodore. Hemingway s Women: 1950, Ernest Hemingway: The Man and His Work. Ed. John K. McCaffery (Cleveland: World Publishing, 1950), pp. 342-44. Rpt. in Brett Ashley. Ed. Harold Bloom. New York: G.K. Hall and Co., 1995. pp.12-13. Gladstein, Mimi Reisel, Hemingway, The Indestructible Woman in Faulkner, Hemingway, and Steinbeck.

(Ann Arbor, UMI Research Press, 1986), pp. 59, 62. Rpt. in Critical Essays on Earnest Hemingways The Sun Also Rises, ed. James Nagel. New York: G.K. Hall and Co., pp.58, 59. Hemingway, Ernest. The Sun Also Rises. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1926. Smith, Carol H., Women and the Loss of Eden, Ernest Hemingway: The Writer in Context, Ed. James Nagel (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1984), pp132-4. Rpt. in Critical Essays on Earnest Hemingways The Sun Also Rises, ed. James Nagel. New York: G.K. Hall and Co., 1995. 54-