The Social History Of Fg Essay Research

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The Social History Of Fg Essay, Research Paper many different types of government, mostly dictatorships. Most of South America won independence from Spain and Portugal between 1810 and 1824. In 1823, President James Monroe enunciated the first US policy on Latin America. The Monroe Doctrine warned European nations against interfering in the affairs of independent nations in the Western Hemisphere. In 1904, Roosevelt’s Corollary said the US would act as a “policeman”, intervening militarily when US interests were at risk. After W.W.II, the independent countries of the Western Hemisphere formed the Organization of American States, a military alliance to prevent aggression against any American nation. South America is the fourth largest continent. It ranks fifth in

population. The continent is divided into 12 independent countries and two political units. The countries consist of Brazil, Columbia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, Chile, Argentina, Bolivia, Paraguay, Uruguay, Guyana, Surinam, and French Guinea. In the 12 countries of South America, democracy has slowly been on the rise since 1959. The rise started in Venezuela and ended in Surinam last year. One by one South America’s countries have turned form dictatorships into democracies where the voters control the elections. Even with democracy taking control, the countries still have many problems. The largest problem is the tradition of corruption of the political leaders. The corruption has mainly been the use of bribe-taking and bribe-giving. “By definition, democracy presumes equal

opportunity; bribery and corruption make the playing field uneven and weakens democracy’s foundations.” Recently, corruption has reached into high places in Venezuela and Brazil. President Carlos Perez (1993) and Fernando Collor de Mello (1992) were forced to resign when faced with corruption charges. The large drug trade has also caused problems for the rise of democracy in South America. Each year, hundreds of tons of Cocaine feed an illegal US drug market. It is worth an estimated $38 billion a year. This illegal money has found its way into the pockets of many people in high places. In Columbia, a major source of illegal drugs for the US, President Ernesto Samper was accused of taking a $6 million bribe to allow drug trafficking to continue as usual. Laundered drug money

has financed development in many South American cities, but it has also brought bloodshed. The large gap between rich and poor of South America has presented another challenge for democracy. In South America, the rich keep getting richer and the poor keep getting poorer. But since the rise of democracy economic conditions have not worsened. Recently, the poor have been taking their demands for better economic conditions to the streets. In Argentina, workers have protested the privation policies of President Carlos Menem. They are demanding job security to go back to “the good old days” of the Peron era. The military also threatens democratic systems in South America. Today the soldiers are back in their barracks, “but in most nations, the possibility remains that the

generals, heeding a real or imagined call to restore order, will impose military rule. This threat is illustrated by Chilean President Eduardo Frei’s problems with Chile’s former dictator, Gen. Augusto Pinochet who still controls the military until the year 1998. Each country in South America has faced some action that has tried to return them to what they once were–dictatorships. In Venezuela, which has the oldest civilian regime in South America, suffered two coup attempts by army officers in 1992; both were unsuccessful and were put down. In Chile, Gen. Pinochet still commands the armed forces, but because of free elections he is no longer the head of state. With democracy having a hard time in South America, “only Chile seems to respect the rule of law.” In Bolivia,