The Seminole Essay Research Paper The Seminole — страница 4
- Просмотров 206
- Скачиваний 5
- Размер файла 20 Кб
U.S. Government between 40 Million Dollars and 60 Million Dollars.? Almost 2000 men died for the United States and the death total was uncounted for the Seminole.? (Seminole War 626)? The Seminole Warriors began to terrorized the settlers in the area.? The burned and pillaged the homes of the wealthy plantation owners.? The Seminole destroyed 16 plantations in one month.? Osceola was completely against the raiding of these homes.? He did not want to hurt any women or children.? Osceola taught the Indians how to use ambush and withdrawal to surprise the enemy.? (Garbarino 52) The U.S. Army now had a new General.? General Thomas S. Jesup took command of the 10,000 men in Florida.? He attacked the Seminole villages, ruined their crops, captured their cattle and horses, and took their women and children hostage.? All of these combined lowered much of the Indian’s enthusiasm for battle.? On October 23, 1837, near St. Augustine, Osceola and several of his warriors, met with one of Jesup’s officers to release King Philip.? The Indians carried a white flag and tried to call a truce, but they were captured and imprisoned.? Later the same year, a delegation of 11 Seminole chiefs, met with General Jesup with a white flag of truce.? They were also captured.? The prisoners were moved to another prison, and soon afterward, Osceola died.? Instead of lowering the morale of the Seminole, the death of their war chief inspired them to fight on.? (Garbarino 52) Soon the war began to end because enthusiasm was low and the might and numbers of the U.S. Army intimidated the Indians.? There was no treaty to end the war; the war just began to stop, and then it completely stopped.? No one came to give them a treaty because no one wanted to go into the Everglades to acknowledge the signing of a treaty.? (Garbarino 54)? Problems began to mount in 1855, when surveyors went to map the Everglades, and then they took away the ripest crops that the Chief, Billy Bowlegs, had, and then they burned the rest of their crops.? The Indians then attacked them, and wounded several of them.? Over the next three years, there were little skirmishes, but there was little bloodshed.? In 1858, 163 Seminole moved west of the Mississippi.? Only a few remained in the Everglades, and those that remained, moved deeper into the Everglades.? After that, they were left alone.? (Garbarino 54-55) Today, many Seminole live on small farms in Oklahoma.? They were among the Five Civilized Tribes that include the Cherokee, Chickasaw, Creek, and Choctaw.? The Seminole that remained in Florida make a living by hunting, fishing, farming, raising cattle, or working in tourism.? (Seminole Indians 291) “For more than 200 years the Seminole have survived as a tribe by adapting to change without giving up their traditional ways entirely.? The preservation of their customs has helped the Seminole maintain a strong sense of identity as a distinct and proud people.”" (Garbarino 102) ? Garbarino, Merwyn S.? The Seminole.? New York: Chelsea House Publishers, 1989. Lepthien, Emilie U.? The Seminole.? Chicago: Childrens Press, 1985. “Seminole.”? Encyclopedia Britannica.? 1993 ed. “Seminole.”? Microsoft Bookshelf.? CD-ROM.? 1994 ed. “Seminole Indians.”? The World Book Encyclopedia.? 1992 ed. “Seminole Wars.”? Encyclopedia Britannica.? 1993 ed. ? ? ? ?