The Seminole Essay Research Paper The Seminole — страница 2

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ceremonial purposes.? The chief’s house, a meeting hall, storage building, and often the home of an important medicine man or religious leader surrounded the square.? Around these buildings, the townspeople made their homes.? (Garbarino 20) ??????? Early Seminoles used to build log cabins, but later on they began to live in basic shelters with thatched roofs that were supported by poles.? These homes were called chickees.? They had a chickee for summer, winter, and for a woman who is going to have a baby.? The huts had raised platforms and the roof was thatched with palmetto leaves.? (Lepthien 7, 24-25)? Most of the towns with these chickees were stockaded or palisaded.? That means they were surrounded with logs that formed a protective fence.? This fence had usually had one or

two openings, which allowed passage in and out.? The men reinforced the walls with crossbeams and daubed clay or mud over the open spaces.? (Garbarino 20-21) ??????? All of the Indians of the Southeast belonged to clans.? People were a member of the clan that their mother belonged.? Clan? membership was just as important as the village you lived in.? Clans were usually ranked within tribes, making some clans higher in status than others.? Since a boy was not part of his father’s clan, it was the maternal uncle’s job to instruct him in hunting and warfare.? The mother cared for the girls that she has.? Even though a child did not belong to the father’s clan, the father was responsible for the support of his children and they usually had a warm relationship.? (Seminole

Indians 290)? A person must marry someone outside the clan because it formed an alliance between clans.? It was not forbidden to marry into the father’s clan, but it was unusual.? Men of very high status usually married two wives, if he could provide more than one wife could manage.? The first wife was usually happy to have them and all the wives lived in different houses.? Divorce was just a matter of separation.? If a woman wanted a divorce, she would leave a bundle of his belongings outside and he left to go to his mother’s house.? (Garbarino 23) ??????? Spain claimed a new land that Juan Ponce de Leon had named Florida.? Ponce De Leon named the land Florida because of the festival that was going on in Spain at that time, Pascua Florida.? Spain had claimed the land from

the southernmost tip of Florida to the Chesapeake Bay and to the Mississippi River.? Juan Ponce de Leon tried establish a settlement along the coast of Florida, but all he did was bother the Indians in the area.? As a result of the skirmish between the Indians and the Spaniards, he was wounded very badly.? He died a little while later at his base in Cuba.? (Garbarino 33) ??????? In the ensuing 50 years, many others reinforced Spain’s claim to Florida.? None of the adventurers tried to settle, so they did not take any land away from the Indians, but they built little forts and supply depots.? They were not many conflicts between the Spanish and the Indians, except when the Spanish held Indians captive and used them for forced labor and guides.? (Garbarino 33) ??????? As a result

of the contact with the Spanish, some Indians contracted diseases like fatal pneumonia and smallpox.? Some Indians did not even have to be in contact with the Spanish to get the diseases.? If the Indians were in contact with other Indians who had the germs, they could also get the disease.? The Indians could not fight against this enemy, so the Indians were rapidly reduced.? (Lepthien 5-6) ??????? The French also tried to establish a colony in Florida in 1564, but they failed because the Spanish captured the settlement the following and extinguished the belief that France had claims in Florida.? One year later, the Spanish found the first Spanish and the first permanent European settlement in the southeast.? It was named St. Augustine.? The English were also interested in the

Southeast.? Sir Francis Drake commanded an English force against St. Augustine in 1586, but his forces failed to penetrate the Spanish fortress; however, the English established the settlement of Jamestown, Virginia just north of Florida and the Spanish always worried about the inevitable expansion of English territory southward.? (Garbarino 34) ??????? There soon began a rivalry between the Spanish and the English.? The Indians either chose the English or the Spanish.? Some Indians joined the English and killed other Indians.? A few that were not captured, killed, enslaved, or died by disease fled to the Spanish West Indies.? (Lepthien 13)? After this time there was massive and reigning confusion.? Indian tribes killed other Indians.? The English trying to get rid of the Indians