The Russian Revolution Of 1905 Was In — страница 2

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illegal up until 1905 but they had gradually becoming more popular in ?the underground?. Nicholas and the government ignored the growth of Revolutionary parties through the 1890?s. In 1898 the Social Democratic Labor Party was established, and in 1900 the Social Revolutionaries were formed. They both wanted reform in social and political sectors. The Social Democratic Labor Party split into two groups in 1903, the Bolsheviks and the Mensheviks . The revolutionary word was beginning to escape from the underground, and an uprising of rebellion was starting to develop. As the Russian economics were falling into a depression, widespread urban and rural unrest was aroused. Partly due to this unrest the government led Russia into a war with Japan. There were many Russian troops, but

they performed very poorly, had insufficient equipment and inadequate clothes. The Russian army suffered a disastrous succession of defeats. The Russian forces were finally beaten . This defeat, in turn, led to the onset of the revolutionary events that were to come, and had already started to occur . Russia, at this stage, had a dominant power, the Tsar, he had the ability to rule as he pleased, and to get rid of ringleaders of bothersome affairs at any time. Russia was under developed compared to the rest of the world and had extreme class struggles. Many were discontented. By looking at this overview of the Russian society prior to 1905 it will become easier to understand that the Revolution of 1905 was in fact no revolution at all, as the governmental system was not

completely overthrown, and no major change in society occurred. Thirdly, it is important to establish what events happened, and why they happened over the year of 1905, to provide evidence that the occurrences were revolutionary, but the year in itself was not a revolution. By the 21st of January,1905 more than 110 000 citizens had ceased work. Through February 1905 there was a time of the chaotic disconnected strikes. January 22, 1905, commonly known as Bloody Sunday, was a revolutionary event only because of what followed, not of what actually happened on that day: A group of workers and their families set out, with the backing of several officials, to present a petition to the Tsar. As they approached the Winter Palace, soldiers with rifles sprayed them with bullets. Father

Gapon, the leader of the procession explains what he felt about the Tsar after the horrific event, ?? Perhaps this anger saved me , for I knew the very truth that a new chapter was opened in the book of the history of our people? ?There is no longer a Tsar for us?? I exclaimed?? A number of events then proceeded to take place. In June the crew of the battleship ?Potoinkin? threw officers overboard, and took control of the ship. The Georgians and Poles took this time of chaos to their advantage; they declared independence from the Russian rule. Thus the “October Revolution.” Peasants and workers revolted in an elemental and anarchic rebellion, ultimately turning a large-scale strike and bringing the government, economy, and all public services to a complete halt. Trade after

trade, factory after factory, town after town were stopping work. The railway lines were the channels along which the strike epidemic spread. The unrest of the towns encouraged the peasants to seize the estate, crops, and the livestock of the landowners. Nicholas describes the disorders from his point of view in a letter to his wife, ? ?Nothing but new strikes in schools and factories, murdered policemen, Cossacks and soldiers, riots, disorder, mutinies?? By October 1905, the relations between the Tsar and his subjects had come to a complete breakdown. The Tsar realised that there were two possibilities that could restore his status, and maybe even quell the revolution. These were to either, ? find an energetic soldier and crush the rebellion by sheer force?[or]?give the people

their civil rights?? He decided to go with the more peaceful way. With the help of his advisers he wrote up the ?October Manifesto?, this he signed. It became an official document on the 30th of October 1905. It gave the citizens of Russia their civil rights, and the right to a Duma. It basically promised to end the abuses of the autocracy. The October Manifesto was met with a mixed reception, many were satisfied, others saw it as the first concession in a battle of more radical reform, and some doubted that the Tsar would keep his promises. After the Manifesto was written and received, in December all members of the Soviet were arrested and were sent into exile in Siberia. The army was sent to crush the soviet and over a thousand were killed. The Tsar continued to quash other