The Rural Landless Workers Movement Of Brazil — страница 3

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items like cars and washing machines lowering the demand for these items and effectively lowering production and creating layoffs. Some economists say millions could lose their jobs and their homes (Epstein 2). The new generation of poor being created by the sweeping cuts and astronomical interest rates, coupled with growing political uncertainty, could inspire multitudes to join the already large numbers of the MST and force, by a large popular vote, land reform and a new era in land distribution and increased productivity and self sufficiency, helping to stimulate growth and eventually wrest power from the oligarchy back into the hands of the workers people. In a country where nearly half of the population survives on less than $2 a day, and the wealthiest 10 percent take about

half the nation’s income, a force as strong as the MST stands to gain on the heels of an economic disaster (Epstein 2). It is ironic that the Real Plan that carried Cardoso into the presidency and subsequent re-election could now be the greatest threat to his popularity, and indeed, to the country as a whole. The MST has an opportunity through crisis to increase its numbers, strengthen its voice and show the way of the workers as the way of the country. As Cardoso has come from a Marxist background with full support of the Brazilian Communist party in his early days, he has come full circle to his center-right position of today, so the MST can persuade those in desperation in the center and elsewhere to climb out of the pockets of banks, business and foreign interest to create

a new Brazil in the hands of the Brazilian worker. Amnesty International. Report – August 1997 Brazil Politically Motivated Criminal Charges Against Land Reform Activists, AMR 19/17/97. Epstein, Jack. Brazil On the Brink. Scholastic Update. 2/8/99, 131, p 3. Maxwell, Kenneth. The Two Brazils. The Wilson Quarterly. 12/19/99, 23, p 50. Zalaquette, Jose. From Dictatorship to Democracy. The New Republic. 12/16/85, v193, p 17. Zimbler, Brian. Brazil’s Morning After. The New Leader. 9/9/85, v68, p 9.