The Roman Family Center Of Roman Society — страница 2

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area the two essays examine in common. This is a similar topic to children, but it is significant enough to be separated. The bulk of significance is put on the father-son relations. The Shaw article mainly focuses on this. Shaw subscribes to the idea of ?patria potestas?; this is the idea that the oldest living male, in most case?s the father, was master of all in the family. This included the wife, children, and other under the roof . Right from the start the relationship between father and son is one of unequal balance. The father was dominant, and if you were the son you were to obey your father . Everything that the son did and everything that he owned was subject to his father?s dominance. The son had a love – fear relationship with father . In turn what the son got out

of this relationship was the fact his father was the one that took care of him, and in death he would get all that was his father?s. The father was to keep the son in line so that he will be responsible in taking over the estate. In regards to discipline Shaw says that fathers must ?discipline and domesticate their sons?. The father was the teacher, and the son was the learner . With this information it can be seen both got something out of the relationship. The father got the benefits of his son as well as a heir, and the son got to claim all that was his father?s when he died. Shaw alludes to the fact that the father son relationship could provoke tension as well. The son may not want to wait to his father?s death to get full autonomy. This could lead to tension in which the

son wants to be away from the father or may resent him for his power. Next O?Roark puts forth some of the same ideas. O?Roark tends to dwell more on the emotional attachment to children, but still shows similarities to Shaws findings. O?Roark says that in the time of antiquity the child was still under their father as master of the family . O?Roark says it is the father?s job to teach the son and to make him proper. What the father is not able to do, he is to get tutors to help with. . I have concluded this is to get the son ready for responsibility when he is head of the family. This is similar to what Shaw implies. Shaw also talks about possible tension that may exist in the relationship. There is the notion that the father had to be careful not to put to much pressure on the

son, else the son may lash out and strike the father . Once again both historians ideas are similar to those of the Classical period. In the Classical period the son was under the role of his father as the master . The son?s position had always been submissive to the father . As well in the Classical period son?s got all that was the fathers at time of death . Something worthy to note is that O?Roark goes into some talk of the mother-daughter relationship, whereas Shaw does not. O?Roark says that the role of the Mother was similar to that of the father, but pertained mostly disciplinarian role . It was the mother that was to teach the daughter all that she had to know . As father?s taught sons to one day take over all he had, the mother daughter?s to be a proper wife and the

duties that went with her role . In the classical period the role of the mother was similar. In the classical period the wife was the second in command . The mother was to teach the daughter what she needed to survive in society, especially the aspects of being a good wife Roman Family StructureThis is the first major point of contrast between the two essays. One of the central points in the Shaw essay is the layout and structure of the Roman family. Shaw first mentions that, as stated before, the father was the head of the household and all of its members were under him . Shaw mentions slaves as part of the structure of the family, and subject to the father?s rule . Slaves were also a significant part of the family structure in the classical period . Shaw says the structure of

the family could exist not just of the nuclear family, but also included grandparents, slaves, in-laws, boarders, or any other people that may reside under the same roof . Shaw states that the structure of the household could contain not only a wife, but a ?concubine? as well . With these examples Shaw seeks to prove that the structure of the family was not just how we see the typical family today. Instead he says that the nuclear family was the core of the structure but the family could branch out much like a tree to include many other members, such as mentions above . As well in the classical period the family consisted of the nuclear family as well as extended family . The O?Roark essay is different. The difference is very simple. O?Roark does not directly look at the family