The Rise Of Germany To A Fascist — страница 4

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wished to be dominated. This becomes apparent following a close look at the previous successful leaders of Germany. All had been militarist, authoritarian dictators, such as Kaiser Wilhelm I&II, and to a lesser extent Friedrich Ebert. Slowly, the people of Germany began looking toward the rising politician, Adolf Hitler, and the growing Nazi movement as the vehicle to hitch themselves to. He was the autocratic leader who would lead them out of these extremely unfavorable times. The German people were tired of the political disputes in Berlin. They were tired of misery, tired of suffering, tired of weakness. These were desperate times and they were willing to listen to anyone, even Adolf Hitler. He would find in this downhearted people, an audience very willing to listen. In

his speeches, Hitler offered the Germans what they needed most, encouragement. He promised to bring order to the chaos, a feeling of unity to all and the chance to belong. He would make Germany strong again, end payment of war reparations to the Allies, tear up the treaty of Versailles, stamp out corruption, keep down Marxism, and deal harshly with the Jews. His chief assets were his speech making ability and a keen sense of what the people wanted to hear, as he was already looking at how he could carry his movement to the rest of Germany. This dominating approach would soon establish him in control of the country, allowing Hitler to achieve sufficient support to guide Germany towards existence as a fascist state. Although their beliefs were strong on many issues, a very

significant reason why they gained such social and political power was due to their flexibility. After many electoral campaigns and carefully planned propaganda crusades the Nazis realized that it didn’t really matter what they promised, as long as people trusted them. Following his imprisonment as a repercussion of the Munich Beer Hall Putsch, Hitler had a new idea on how to topple the government and take over Germany for himself and the Nazis – He would play by the democratic rules and get elected. For example, at one time the Nazi’s spoke firmly for the nationalization of industry, yet when they realized the alarmed response from the industrialists the idea was dropped and not mentioned again. If all else failed, the Nazis simply made vague promises of how they were

going to ‘make Germany great again’.Organization was also a factor in the support the Nazis gained during this period. Excellent coordination brought to the Nazi group obedience, collaboration and teamwork. They had skilled leaders at almost every level who were well trained and motivated, combining to create a strict and dominant party. The factor of strong organisation was popular among many German people, compared to the weak and insufficient muddlings of the Weimar government.Propaganda played a large part in the popularity of the Nazi party. Every trick in the book was employed to express their anti-Communist fascist stance. Their use of powerful propaganda messages further influenced hatred of the communist party, and any other potential leader, hence increasing the

support of the Nazis. A Department of Public Propaganda and Enlightenment, led by a prominent figure of the Nazi Party, Doctor Joseph Goebbels, controlled all forms of media. Goebbels brilliantly organized thousands of meetings and torchlit parades, plastered posters everywhere and printed millions of copies of special editions of Nazi newspapers. Non-Nazi newspapers were taken over by a Nazi publishing company. Over two thirds of the press were under Nazi control, hence social support for the Nazis transpired.Campaigns and rallies were also staged to increase the Nazi party’s visibility and loyalty, hence lessening the allegiance towards other groups. Mass rallies held at Nuremberg annually brought together thousands of people for parades and displays in the name of Nazi

ideology. Between rallies, local SA or Hitler youth groups campaigned for the support of Hitler and the Nazi party in addition.Radio stations were also brought under the control of the Nazis. By 1939 ‘the Peoples Receiver’ was sold so inexpensively that seven of every ten households owned one. This was another Nazi scheme used to communicate with the people, consequently expressing their Nazi views and compelling Germany towards becoming a fascist nation.In summary, the swing of voters to support of the Nazi Party was due to many factors. These included economic and political instability, increasing violence, and a need for an authoritarian figurehead aided Hitler’s rise to power, hence the rise of Germany towards existence as a fascist state. More specifically, the Great