The Resumption Of Whaling By Norway Essay — страница 2

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forty-six that a working regulatory committee was established. At the initiative of the United States, the International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling (ICRW) was adopted by the League of Nations. The ICRW called for such a working committee, and thus the International Whaling Commission (IWC) was created. ICRW was intended to safeguard and regulate whale stocks for future generations, and also to ensure the orderly development of the growing whaling industry. The only catch (pardon the pun) is that the ICWR made it possible for any country to exempt itself from the IWC’s rules by simply filing a formal protest and abstaining from voting on referendums brought up at the yearly meetings of the IWC. To no ones surprise, after approving the ICRW, Norway immediately filed

a formal complaint and abstained from every vote the IWC held; thereby exempti “But the matter of substance is, what is the point of having a scientific committee if it’s unanimous recommendations on a matter of primary importance are treated with such contempt?” Hammond was expressing his frustration and anger with Norway for exempting themselves from the ICRW, and with the IWC for being powerless to enforce any of it’s own rulings. Norway went ahead with its plan to whale that year and took 226 whales and an additional 69 for research. In 1993 the catch totaled 369 animals with an unknown number (either additional or included) taken for research, and the 94′ season saw 411 animals with an additional 178 for ,you guessed it, research. Norway continues to whale against

the recommendations of the IWC, Greenpeace and every other organization that tracks Cetacean population levels. At the time this paper was created there were no totals for the 1995 season, but if the numbers follow the trend of the past three seasons, the catch is guaranteed to be higher than that of the 1994 season. That could mean the deaths of over 600 minke whales. Regardless of the side one takes, it is becoming evident that some thing must be done before this problem becomes too large to handle. Possible Solutions This debate has gone on for many years and in all likelihood will go on for many more, with no end in sight some solutions must be found in order to reach some kind of settlement or compromise. Some of these solutions might include. 1. A complete and total ban on

all whaling, commercial and scientific, with economic sanctions for non compliant countries and denial, or termination, of membership from the League of Nations. 2. A rewritten ICRW with no exit clause, and penalties for abstaining from voting on IWC referendums. 3. A stronger revitalized version of the IWC with the full authority of the League of Nations to impose penalties or sanctions on poachers and other violators, in order to maintain the ICRW. 4. A stronger management plan for the harvest seasons including surprise inspections on boats and floating refineries to ensure that hunters stay within their allocated territories and also to guarantee that harvest numbers aren’t being falsified. In conclusion, the whaling industry can not be dismantled overnight but must be

allowed to taper to a close. if we as concerned individuals want to solve this problem we must dedicate our time and resources to this important issue, without us there is no future. Literature Cited 1. Barstow, R. 1990. Beyond Whale Species Survival, Peaceful Coexistence and Mutual Enrichment As A Basis For Human-Cetacean Relations; Mammal Review, vol. 20 pages 65-73 2. Conrad , Jon et. al. 1993 The Resumption of Commercial Whaling: The Case Of The Minke Whale In The Northeast Atlantic. Arctic vol. 46 pages 164-171 3. Donovan, G. P. 1994 The Forty-Fourth Report Of The International Whaling Commission vol. 44 pages 205-272 4. Doyle, E. 1995 Whaling, Murder for Profit. Unknown Title. vol.? pages 22-27 5. Skare, Mari 1994. Whaling, A Sustainable Use Of Natural Resources Or A

Violation Of Animal Rights? Environment vol. 36 pages 12-22