The Renaissance Era Essay Research Paper The

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The Renaissance Era Essay, Research Paper The Renaissance Art The Renaissance, from the French word meaning rebirth, began in the early 14th century to the late 16th century. The “rebirth” of art in Italy was connected with the rediscovery of ancient philosophy, literature, science and the evolution of empirical methods of study in these fields. (http://www.infoplease.com/ce5/CE043724.html) Increased awareness of classical knowledge created a new resolve to learn by direct observation and study of the natural world. The models provided by ancient buildings and works of art inspired the development of new artistic techniques and the desire to re-create the forms and styles of classical art. Among some of the greatest Renaissance artists were Donatello, Titian, Giotto,

Raphael, Michaelangelo, Raphael, and the Renaissance man, Da Vinci. (Kohl, Benjamin G. Renaissance , Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia) Donato di Niccolo di Bette Bardi, called Donatello, was the preeminent genius of early Renaissance sculpture in Florence, Italy. (Lewine, Milton E. Donatello , Grolier Encyclopedia, 9.0) He worked in every size and medium of sculpture and explored the new humanistic ideas then current in Florence, always balancing a realism based on the study of humanistic nature with an idealism derived from antique sculpture. Donatello had rediscovered contrapposto, the opposition in a body of contrasted masses, and adapted the drapery to the body’s movement. The result is a figure of great organic vitality and unity. From this point on, Donatello sought to

characterize his figures as individual personalities rather than as types. Donatello’s accomplishment in such reliefs is fully realized in his gilt bronze Herod’s Feast. In the gilt bronze St. Louis of Toulouse he showed his familiarity with the ideas of Masaccio in characterizing the active inner life of the saint through drapery suggesting strong movement framed by a silhouette. In this work Donatello created probably the first free-standing bronze nude since antiquity, and the adolescent’s slim sinuosity, his nudity emphasized by hat, sword, and greaves, symbolizes another Renaissance ideal, physical grace and beauty. (Lewine, Milton E. Donatello , Grolier Encyclopedia, 9.0) Another is Tiziano Vecellio, or Titian, the greatest painter of the Renaissance in Venice and

ranks as one of the most brilliant and influential masters in the entire development of European art. About 400 surviving paintings can be attributed to Titian with confidence, and many other now-lost works are known to have been produced during his extremely long and prolific career. By the middle of the second decade of the 16th century Titian was painting such works as Sacred and Profane Love, which gives a full sense of the harmony and rich tonality of his sensuous classical style. His painting of the Assumption displays the full extent of his powers in a work that is at once monumental in scale, intensely energetic, and vibrant in coloring. A rapid worker, Titian had the gift of penetrating the character of his sitters and was able to convey these insights, together with an

air of dignity and an astonishing sense of physical vitality.The extremely rich effects of color, atmosphere, and light, always a remarkable feature of Titian’s painting style, became even more pronounced in the works of his late period. In his control of rapidly applied and thickly brushed paint, Titian was capable of producing an astonishingly tangible fusion of physical substance and light-filled atmosphere. In his final works, The Crown of Thorns and The Deposition, Titian became even more simplified and bold in his technique, endowing his works with an emotional impact that is mystical and haunting in its power. (Hiesinger, Ulrich. Titian. Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia) The leading Florentine painter of his generation, Giotto di Bondone, created a revolution in painting