The Reign Of Tsar Nicholas II Essay
The Reign Of Tsar Nicholas II Essay, Research Paper Discuss the reign of Nicholas II and analyze the reasons for his failures. The idea that anything Nicholas II could have done to change the course of history would be wishful thinking. Russia before 1917 was the largest country in the world. In economic terms it was backward as it was late industrializing and late to emerge from feudalism. In political terms it was also backward, with no legal political parties or any centrally elected government. Nicholas was brought up by his father Alexander III who didn?t believe his son had the intelligence and therefore neglected to educate him in the business of running the country. The fact that his father died at the age of 49 and thought he had many more years to rule also contributed to Alexander?s poor preparation to rule. At 29 Nicholas assumed the throne, marrying the granddaughter of Queen Victoria the German Princess Alix of Hess. She took the name Alexandra and proceeded to dominate Nicholas in his decisions on state matters. Their relationship though not the sole reason for the downfall of the Romanov dynasty could be considered one of the causes. Both lacked any ability for their positions in leading a country. In the early years of the twentieth century the Russian economy fell into a depression, this aroused extensive urban and rural unrest, partly due to the unrest the government and Czar led Russia into a war with Japan. The defeat of the Russian forces led to the onset of revolutionary events led up to the events of January 9, 1905 which became known as ?Bloody Sunday?. The large crowds bearing icons and pictures of the tsar marched to the winter palace in St. Petersburg. They went with the hopes of presenting the tsar with a petition demanding a series of measures to improve the lot of workers. The protesters believed that the tsar would hear their petition and correct the wrongs. Instead on orders from Nicholas the troops opened fired and hundreds died. From that night on Nicholas had sealed the fate of the dynasty. Nicholas under pressure tried to make concessions in an effort to shore up support from the intelligentsia and professional sections of Russian society. He tried to meet the peoples demands by introducing the October Manifesto of 1905, which tried to establish civil liberties in the form of freedom of speech, assembly, association and creating a semi-popularly elected legislative body, the Duma. Over the following years the reign of Nicholas II and Alexandria became so estranged from the ruling circle that a palace coup was being openly advocated. The intrigues swirling around the palace because of the dominating monk, Rasputin who had a grip on the minds of the royal couple until his assassination in 1916. Nicholas was deaf to the cries from many fronts to take a more democratic course. On March 7, 1917 major demonstrations broke out in Petrograd. After two days of heavy rioting, the soldiers called into to control the mob instead joined the demonstrators. On March 15 Czar Nicholas II abdicated his Empire to the emissaries of the Duma. Maybe Nicholas was an incompetent and totally incapable of running a vast country as Russia. But could anyone stepping into the morass Russia had become solve the problem? It seems Nicholas was a man doomed to his fate. The country was far down the road to revolution when he became tsar. The lack of any historical basis for change from the backward autocratic system as was the case in other European countries and the lack of industrialization made Russia nothing more than a feudal realm. In the midst of democratic and social change occurring throughout Europe, Russia was bound to explode in revolution.