The Qeustion Of Equality Essay Research Paper — страница 2

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The literacy test discriminates against the illiterate, who, in the present-day state of mass communications, need not necessarily be less qualified than the literate. The minimum voting age is 21 discriminates against the 18-years olds, who are considered old enough to fight and die for their country. The oligarchic clutch on the political authority makes democratic rights the exclusive benefits of a controlling class. The Marxist-Jacobinist claims that political reconstruction is impossible without social revolution. On the contrary, political reconstruction can change society, as we are now changing society through a reorientation of our political authority. Political structure forms is by no means minor: it is, in the context of our experience, quite revolutionary. The gap

between the humble citizen and the center of national power is considerably narrowed down. But what is of paramount importance is the advent of participatory democracy. The masses will no longer wait until controversies and issues of the day are crystallized for them by the debates of vested groups in the media; they crystallized the issues themselves, their opinions and sentiments are directly felt by the political authority. The old political system divided our people between the influential, principally on the basis of social and economic status. The new political system unites them into a citizenry with equal individual rights. Politics in the old society were essential a politics of conflict, the composition among individuals and groups for social domination. It was not a

surprise therefore that the poor, the wretched, and the frustrated, got what they could out of the politics of conflict, since they never looked upon them as a force for authentic integration. If behaved indifferently towards government, only “coming alive” during elections, or whenever they sought favors rather than their due from it, it was because they believed that for the most part government was entirely at the service of the oligarchic and influential few. Their feeder roads, their schools, their bridges, were to remain unbuilt for one reason or another, while the private roads, schools, and mansions of the rich were easily constructed. There was no controversy about responding to the needs of the influential, there was always controversy about satisfying the needs of

the many. All these came to be simple because the influential could disguise private greed with public concern. This state affair prevailed principally because of the dishonesty, intellectual and otherwise, in the public forums. The national interest, the common good, were daily betrayed in the same of “principles.” But for the masses, the test of principles was the condition of their lives; all the rhetoric did not give them the sense of equality that they have now. This is something that cannot be taken away from them in the name of the civil liberties of the old establishment. Having known political equality, all the freedoms, let alone the freedom of expression, which were distorted in the old society, our people henceforth demand that all freedoms be considered under one

supreme criterion: how will they serve the cause of the rebellion of the poor. Evidently, the egalitarian principle requires a reconstruction of our political values.