The Psychopath

  • Просмотров 172
  • Скачиваний 5
  • Размер файла 16
    Кб

The Psychopath – Contributing Essay, Research Paper The Psychopath – Contributing Factors throughout Life What makes a psychopath a psychopath? There are many contributing factors that can lead to Criminal Activity and behavior. These factors can be present all through the “psychopath s” life, yet may not be noticed. Many of them have to do with home life, and many of them are also most influential during childhood, and will slowly grow as the individual gets older. I will be discussing these factors in two main groups: early childhood and adolescence, as these are the most influential time periods in the human life span. As well as discussing the factors in these two areas, I will also discuss in details societies view on these factors and some of the actions that

society presents to cause the psychopath, or criminal, to act again. Part One- Early Childhood There are only two main factors that are reflected in early childhood that can be proven to be active in whether or not criminal behavior will become present later in life. These two cases are Abuse (all kinds) and victimization. Abused and neglected children are more likely to be delinquent and to exhibit criminal and violent criminal behavior as adults. This was one of the findings of a recent comparison of abused and neglected children and children with no history of abuse and neglect. The cycle-of-violence hypothesis, or the idea of a generational transmission of violence, states that abused children become abusers, and victims of violence become violent offenders. However, a recent

review of research found surprisingly little experimental evidence to support this hypothesis. Despite widespread belief in the cycle of violence, problems of method in previous studies have made it difficult to draw conclusions about the long-term consequences of early childhood victimization. These problems include the lack of a control group against which the abused and neglected group could be compared. Another problem is the retrospective design of the studies, requiring the researcher to rely on delinquents’ ability to remember details about their early childhood. Improving on past work, this study (done by sociology professors at Carelton University) included a relatively clear definition of abuse and neglect; a prospective design in which the development of children was

followed rather than traced backward in time; a large sample group; a control group matched as closely as possible in age, sex, race and approximate social class background; and an assessment of the long-term consequences of abuse and neglect beyond adolescence and juvenile court and into adulthood. From official records of a metropolitan area in the United States, the study identified a large sample of cases of child abuse and neglect from about 20 years ago, and established a matched control group of non-abused children. The objective was to determine the extent to which both groups eventually engaged in delinquent, adult criminal and violent criminal behavior. All cases of physical and sexual abuse and neglect validated and substantiated by the county juvenile court and adult

criminal courts from 1967 to 1971 were initially included. Of 2,623 cases, 908 were retained for the study. The term “physical abuse” refers to cases in which an individual had “knowingly and willfully inflicted unnecessarily severe corporal punishment” or “unnecessary physical suffering” upon a child. “Sexual abuse” refers to charges ranging from the relatively nonspecific ones of “assault and battery with intent to gratify sexual desires” to more specific and detailed charges. “Neglect” refers to cases in which the court found a child to have no proper parental care or guardianship, or to be homeless or living in a physically dangerous environment. Children for the control group were selected from county birth-record information and records of more than