The problems of the Subjunctive Mood in English — страница 6

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years. The Subjunctive Mood is used in predicative clauses: introduced by the conjunctions as if, as though, when we find the link verbs to be, to fell, to look, to seem, etc. in the principal clause. If the action of subordinate clause is simultaneous with that of the principal clause the Past Subjunctive of the verb to be is used; with other verbs the same meaning is expressed by the Past Indefinite of the Indicative Mood. If the action of the subordinate clause is prior to that of the principal clause the Past Perfect of the Indicative Mood is used. e.g. I fell as if we were back seven years, Jon. b) when the subject of the principal clause is expressed by an abstract noun such as wish, suggestion, aim, idea, etc. In this case the analytical subjunctive with the mood auxiliary

should (for all persons) is used. e.g. One of the conditions was that I should go abroad. The Subjunctive Mood is used in subject clause after a principal clause of the type It is necessary, It is important, etc. It is necessary It is important It is right It is requested It is recommended that smb. should do smth. It is obligatory It is better (best) It is desirable It is of vital importance The analytical subjunctive with the mood auxiliary should is used for all persons. e.g. It was necessary that the child’s history should be known to none. The Subjunctive Mood is used in object clauses: When the predicate of the principal clause is expressed by the verb to wish. If the action expressed in the object clause is simultaneous with that of the principal clause the Past

Subjunctive of the verb to be is used; with other verbs the same meaning is expressed by the Past Indefinite of the Indicative Mood. e.g. I wish I were a girl again. If the action expressed in the object clause is prior to that of the principal clause the Past Perfect of the Indicative Mood is used. e.g. Auntie, I wish I had not done it. The analytical subjunctive with the mood auxiliary would (for all persons) is also used in object clauses the verb to wish. This form is used only in sentences referring to the present or future; it is possible only if the subject of the principle clause is not the same as the subject of the object clause. It is chiefly used in sentences expressing request or annoyance. e.g. I wish you would stay with me for a while. The Subjunctive Mood is used

in object clauses introduced by the conjunction lest if in the principal clause the predicate is expressed by a verb denoting fear. e.g. She fears lest she should be blamed. After verbs denoting fear object clauses are often introduced by the conjunction that, in which case the Indicative Mood is used often with the modal verb may (might). e.g. She fears that she will (would) be blamed. The Subjunctive Mood is used in object clauses when we find verbs and Word-groups denoting order, suggestion, advice, desire, etc. in the principal clause. The analytical subjunctive with the mood auxiliary should (for all persons) is used. Suggest Propose Demand Desire Insist that smth. should be done To be anxious See to it Order Require Make up one’s mind e.g. Mr. Micawber was very anxious

that I should stay to dinner. The Subjunctive Mood is used in attributive appositive clauses modifying the nouns wish, suggestion, aim, idea, etc. The analytical subjunctive with the mood auxiliary should (for all persons) is used. e.g. His wish that everybody should take part in the work was reasonable. The Subjunctive Mood is also used in attributive clauses modifying the noun time in the principal clause It is time, It is high time. In this case the Past Subjunctive of the verb to be is used; with other verbs the same meaning is expressed by the Past Indefinite of the Indicative Mood. e.g. It is time we went home. The analytical subjunctive with the mood auxiliary should is also possible, though less common. e.g. It is time we should go home. As has already been stated the

Subjunctive Mood may be used to express an emotional attitude of the speaker to real facts. Here we always find the analytical subjunctive with the mood auxiliary should, which in this case is often called the ‘emotional should’. If priority is expressed the Perfect Infinitive is used. In this case the Subjunctive Mood is rendered in Russian by the Indicative Mood. The emotional should occurs in different kinds of subordinate clauses; the principal clause in such cases contains: An adjective expressing astonishment, incredulity, regret, joy, such as strange, wonderful, unnatural, impossible, fortunate, unfortunate, etc. e.g. It is impossible that she should have said it. A noun with the same meaning: wonder, pity, shame, etc. e.g. He is such a charming man that it is quite a