The problems of oral translation

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Central Kazakhstan University “MHTI - Lingua” The Institute of language and translation “Lingua” Interpretation faculty Evening department Shkurskaya Elena (ЗАПР-053) PROBLEMS OF ORAL TRANSLATION Course paper Speciality: 050207 - Interpreting Discipline: Translation theory Superviser: Isabaeva N.S. Karagandy 2008 CONTENTS INTRODUCTION 1 CHAPTER I. TRANSLATION IS A MEANS OF INTERLINGUAL COMMUNICATION 1.1.TRANSLATION THEORY 1.2A BRIEF HISTORY OF TRANSLATION 1.3. MAIN TYPES OF TRANSLATION CHAPTER II. CHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF ORAL TRANSLATION 2.1 PROBLEMS OF ORAL TRANSLATION 2.2 NOTE-TAKING IN CONSECUTIVE TRANSLATION 2.3 LINGUISTIC PECULIARITIES OF SIMULTANEOUS TRANSLATION CONCLUSION APPENDIX INTRODUCTION When you stop and think about it, everything in life is

translation. We translate our feelings into actions. When we put anything into words, we translate our thoughts. Every physical action is a translation from one state to another. Translating from one language into another is only the most obvious form of an activity which is perhaps the most common of all human activities. This maybe the reason people usually take translation for granted, as something that does not require any special effort, and at the same time, why translation is so challenging and full of possibilities. There is nothing easy or simple about translation, even as there is nothing easy or simple about any human activity. It only looks easy because you are used to doing it. Anyone who is good at a certain activity can make it appear easy, even though, when we

pause to think, we realize there is nothing easy about it. Translation in the formal sense deals with human language, the most common yet the most complex and hallowed of human functions. Language is what makes us who we are. Language can work miracles. Language can kill, and language can heal. Transmitting meaning from one language to another brings people together, helps them share each other’s culture, benefit from each other’s experience, and makes them aware of how much they all have in common. /tr.handbook/ The conditions of oral translation impose a number of important restrictions on the translator's performance. Here the interpreter receives a fragment of the original only once and for a short period of time. His translation is also a one-time act with no possibility

of any return to the original or any subsequent corrections. This creates additional problems and the users have sometimes to be content with a lower level of equivalence. The purpose of the present work is to study the problems of oral translation. To achieve this purpose it is necessary to find solve to the following tasks: To give the definition to the notion “translation”; To find out the difference between written and oral translation; To characterize the types of oral translation; To define the problems of oral translation; To find various ways and translating devices for solving those problems. This paper consists of two chapters. The first chapter describes the translation itself, its development and types. In the second chapter there are the problems of translation

and the ways of its salvation. Throughout history, written and spoken translations have played a crucial role in interhuman communication, not least in providing access to important texts for scholarship and religious purposes. Writings on the subject of translation go far back in recorded history. The practice of translation was discussed by, for example, Cicero and Horace (first century BC) and St Jerome (fourth century AD); their writings were to exert an important influence up until the twentieth century./19/ I. TRANSLATION IS A MEANS OF INTERLINGUAL COMMUNICATION 1.1 TRANSLATION THEORY Translation is a means of interlingual communication. The translator makes possible an exchange of information between the users of different languages by producing in the target language (TL