The Presidential Election Of 1972 Essay Research — страница 4

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friends. Not neglect America’s relations with small third-world nations in placing reliance on great power relationships. Return to Congress, and the people, a meaningful role in decisions on peace and war, and make information public, except where real national defense interests are involved.”4 The Democratic party didn’t want other countries to look upon the U.S. as the policeman of the world. They also wanted to make sure the U.S. remained friendly with small third world countries, because we may need to trade with them, or we might need raw materials we don’t have. The Republicans had a different idea on foreign policy. They said that “Never before has our country negotiated with so many nations on so wide a range of subjects — and never with greater success.”

They go on to say “We will press for expansion of contacts with the peoples of Eastern Europe and the People’s Republic of China, as long isolated from most of the world.”2 The Republican Party wanted to improve the relationships with countries that have been cut off from much of the world. The Republicans felt they were doing a good job with foreign policy, and didn’t think they should change much of anything they were doing. After all the months of campaigning, and voting were through, Richard Nixon was reelected the new President of the United States. “Nixon swept back into the White House on Nov. 7 with a devastating landslide victory over McGovern. He carried a record of 49 states for a total of 520 electoral votes.”5 Nixon did have a couple of advantages that

McGovern didn’t. For one, the people had confidence in him since he had been elected once before. They knew what kind of a President he was, and what they as the constituents could expect from him. Second, McGovern made a bad decision when he chose his vice president running mate. McGovern had chosen Sen. Thomas F. Eagleton of Missouri. “Barely 10 days after selection of the Democratic ticket, on July 25, Eagleton disclosed that he voluntarily had hospitalized himself three times between 1960 and 1966 for “nervous exhaustion and fatigue. “McGovern strongly supported his running mate at the time, but in the following days, his support for the Missouri senator began to wane. After a meeting with McGovern on July 31, Eagleton withdrew from the ticket.”4 Eagleton badly

damaged the image of McGovern. The constituents lost their confidence in McGovern and in his decision making power. They felt that McGovern may not make wise decisions if he was elected the next President of the U.S. McGovern was also somewhat radical views. “CRP focused early and often on the more radical-sounding views of McGovern, highlighting his support of amnesty for young people who fled to Canada to avoid the draft, his sometime musings that marijuana might better be legalized, and his purported support of legalized abortion.”1 Many felt that McGovern’s views may have been more radical and outlandish than some had supported. After Nixon was elected to office, “It appeared in 1972 that American politics was entering an age of calm consensus. The economy was

temporarily strong: opposition to the Vietnam War had faded as the two sides negotiated in Paris for an end to the war.”6 Then in Nixon’s political career “A warlike atmosphere between the media (as well as other perceived enemies of the administration that appeared on Nixon’s “enemies list”) and the mushrooming Watergate scandal combined to create a dark side to U.S. politics in the 1970’s. At its simplest level, the Watergate affair was “a third-rate burglary” and a subsequent cover-up by President Nixon and his aides. In the summer of 1972, several employees of the Committee to Re-elect the President were arrested after they were discovered breaking into and bugging the Democratic National Committee’s offices at the posh Watergate complex in Washington. The

break-in was not a major issue in the 1972 election, but the next year congressional committees began an investigation.”6 Along with the congressional committees investigation, two reporters from the Washington Post, named Bob Woodward, and Carl Berstein did some investigating of their own. They had a politician who knew about all that was going on with the Watergate scandal, nicknamed “Deep Throat.” Deep Throat supplied the two reporters with the information they needed to tear open the Watergate scandal. These two reporters open up the Watergate scandal, and all the participants involved. “During the investigation, a presidential aide revealed that Nixon had secretly taped Oval Office conversations with aides. When the Watergate special prosecutor Archibald Cox ordered