The Portrayal Of Women In The Novels — страница 2

  • Просмотров 194
  • Скачиваний 5
  • Размер файла 17

power in the novel manifests sexually, it seems that the attraction to her is passed on through the generations , and even after marriage they always seem to return to her . She was the first lover of many of the Buendia men and her presence is felt throughout the whole novel , this is parallel to another character who witnesses the 100 yrs of solitude , this is Ursula .These two women have the most influence on the men and familial life in general . After all when Arcadio becomes too despotic it is Ursula who “?restabilised Sunday mass, suspended the use of red arm bands, and abrogated the hair brain decrees.” Ursula?s power manifests it self in the archetypal role for women of the time. She bears three children for Jose Arcadio Buendia ( Colonel Aureliano, Jose Arcadio and

Amaranta), all of whom she rears almost single handedly. She is the typical matriarch seeking to ensure the continuation of the family line to the extent where she fights “?against the laws of creation to maintain the line” Ursula fulfils her role as housewife, providing food and shelter: ” Ursula?s capacity for work was the same as that of her husband? Thanks to her the floors of tamped earth, the unwhitewashed mud walls, the rustic, wooden furniture they built themselves were always clean, and the old chests where they kept their clothes exhaled the warm smell of basil.” The portrayal of Pilar and Ursula is contrasted with Nivea in The House Of The Spirits who is portrayed as being “?capable of walking through the heart of the city in the plain light of day with a

broom in her hand and a tricornered hat on her head, calling for women to have equal rights with men, to be allowed to vote and attend university, and for all children, even bastards, to be granted the full protection of the law.” And being able to”?chain herself with other ladies to the gates of the supreme court?” Nivea seeks equality through active assertion and thus fittingly is remembered as “?the first feminist in the country.” , and her funeral is attended by an “?incredible number?” of people. The portrayal of Nivea and her funeral is in direct contrast with that of Nana and Ferula. Nana is said to have: “?been born to cradle other people?s children, wear their hand-me-down clothing, eat their left overs, live on borrowed happiness and grief, grow old

beneath other people?s roofs die one day in her miserable little room in the far courtyard in a bed that did not belong to her, and be buried in a common grave in a public cemetery.” The fact that: “None of the many children she had raised with so much love attended her funeral.” Allende reflects sadly on the women who meekly accept their defined role in society of the time. Ferula is portrayed similarly. Ferula: “?had sacrificed her life to care for the mother, and that she had become a spinster for that reason. Ferula had turned down two suitors on the pretext of her mothers illness” When Esteban forces her to leave she is not seen in person until her death when she is found: “Festooned like an Austrian queen?” “She was magnificent in her queenly desolation, and

on her face was an expression of sweetness and serenity she never had in her grievous life.” Women can also seek empowerment in The House of The Spirits through business as seen with Transito Soto. At the start of the novel Esteban lends her “50 pesos” allowing her to seek out a career, but by the end of the novel the tide turns and the arrogant sexist Esteban comes to her to beg a favour. Who makes a telling statement about the role of women in her monologue to Esteban before she owns the Christopher Columbus: “Nobody respects you. But why give a man something it?s so hard to earn? In that respect women are really thick. They are the daughters of rigidity. They need a man to feel secure but they don?t realise the one thing they should be afraid of is men. They don?t know

how to run their lives. They have to sacrifice themselves for the sake of someone else” Thus, it can be seen that Allende and Marquez express differently the role of women in their novels. Through close analysis of the female characters in The House of the Spirits and One hundred years of solitude one can see Marquez seemingly seeks merely to reflect the reality of the role of women in South America, whereas Allende preaches her own brand of feminism whereby: “?feminism should mean that you do everything that men do, but without sacrificing everything that makes it so wonderful to be a woman.” WORD COUNT 1450 P9 p23 p24 ibid p28 p93 p331 p85 ibid p146 p145 p148 p191 p57 p178 ibid Rogier Van Bakel, Diarist of the Americas, ITA July 1993, p39