The Physical And Psychological Effects Of AIDS — страница 2

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person is well, they are able to control receptivity to outside stimuli that involves surrounding information, but an infected person lacks that control. That sense of control is especially lost in a hospital setting. In this environment their world is altered from a comfortable locale to a foreign place. The individual no longer has control over where they are placed, with whom, or the neighboring stimuli (Tsasis 557). The illness drastically alters a person?s ability to relate to others, causing loneliness and emptiness. The patient is forced to be distant from others because of the contagiousness of the disease and the patients? need for rest. Patients are aware at times of their loneliness, although at other times they are oblivious. The distinction between the two states is

found through personal contact; the need for it, and the ability to achieve it. A victim of AIDS, when physically and psychologically challenged and weakened, may feel unsupported, even distant from a community where values, ideals, and faith were nurtured and shared. A person?s mentality is affected by the relationships with others, and also with the relationship with themselves. People are entitled to have opinions of others and themselves. A person with AIDS questions and devalues their own self-worth, and the value of their own individuality (Rodger et al. 503). People that have contracted AIDS no longer live in the right state of mind. These victims fight so hard against this horrible disease to the point of guilt, rejection, and depression. At times they question the reason

of living under this condition. To help ease these feelings patients turn to AIDS-related psychotherapy. This therapy gives the patient the choice of fighting the fear of living with AIDS or fighting the fear of dieing with AIDS (Rodger et al. 504). An infected person uses psychotherapy to help deal with life, the illness itself, and unfortunately in some cases prepare for death. Death is a reality, be it a month or a number of years, of the AIDS virus. HIV-related psychotherapy educates, explains important issues, and prepares the victim for other difficulties that arise. The imminence ness of a shortcoming is the foundation for HIV-related psychotherapy (Rodger et al. 502). Patients who utilize psychotherapy are often having great difficulty confronting the changes in their

lives brought on by the virus. Psychotherapists employ the knowledge and techniques of several schools of therapy. The important aspect is the assessment and evaluation of what the needs and then the application of treatment in a proficient manner. Psychotherapy requires the infected patient and their family to understand the virus itself, the conventional methods of treatment, and the knowledge of crisis intervention techniques (Clarke 88). The main goals of psychotherapy are to help the patient plan for the future, and to help cope with the illness. Coping with the illness does not cure the patient, but it allows for the healing of the rage over an unjust world. The indulgence of rage allows the dissipation oppression, and acceptance of the disease. With acceptance comes the

rejection of unhealthy pretentiousness, and the ability to work through hatred. Being able to come to terms with the illness may not make the person entirely happy, but the victim will be at peace. At peace with the satisfaction of knowing that life will continue, and can still be filled with wonderful moments and beautiful memories. Once the patient reaches this point of understanding, the psychotherapists must act as an agent. The agent enables the patient, who is infected with a socio-politically-loaded chronic illness to rejoin society. This is because AIDS patients are like no other. Generally AIDS patients have felt different from other patients of different illnesses. People infected with HIV or AIDS feel they have been excluded from society. Many AIDS patients contribute

in their own exclusion by continuing the same feelings of guilt, shame, and separateness (Rodger et al. 501). The ultimate step in psychotherapy is preparing for the upcoming events. With the help of the therapists, the patient employs several techniques such as paper-and-pencil goal setting, time lines, or investigating what undermined goal accomplishment in the past (Tsasis 556). Psychotherapy is not the only source of help AIDS patients have available to them. Many patients use the love of family and friends, meditation, and a healthy diet and stress free living. Although many of these methods of treatment may not save the life of a patient, these methods do make the days that are left more enjoyable. AIDS is a disease, but in no way should it be shunned on, nor should the