The Persian Gulf War 2 Essay Research — страница 2

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intention of carrying the war further. Although Bush probably would have dearly liked to have marched US troops toward Baghdad to destroy Hussein’s government, he did not, because of the risk of heavy casualties, and it would have been a negative representation of a world leader. The United Nations knew that Saddam Hussein was much too proud of a dictator to pull his troops out of Kuwait by the January 15th deadline. So of coarse he did not remove any troops at all. When the deadline passed the nations had their battle plans all mapped out. What was named Operation Desert Storm by U.S. army leaders like Colin Powell and General Schwarzkopf, officially started at 3 A.M., Iraqi time, on January 17th, 1991 when aircraft bombed parts of Baghdad, the Iraqi capital. The war started

in the air. The Air Force and other allied air craft aimed to destroy Iraq s ability to launch missile attacks and also aimed at eliminating all of Iraq s deadly weapon facilities. The objectives on the most part were obtained with the help of new technologies. The use of night vision systems and precision guided weapons were first introduced to warfare. The precision warfare enabled the US to launch cruise missiles, like the Tomahawk Missile , from the Persian Gulf and hit a specific target precisely. Iraq responded to the start of the war by launching inaccurate SCUD missiles to places in Saudi Arabia and Israel. The attacks killed many innocent civilians in both Israel and Saudi Arabia. Iraq wanted Israel to enter the war because they wanted Arab allies. It is well documented

that Arabs and Israelis have been at conflict throughout the years. Hussein thought that if Israel entered the war, Arab nations would side with Iraq seeing that the war was another Arab-Israel conflict. Israel would not give in and they remained out of the war. The coalition against Iraq applied a ground attack against the Iraqis. It was well known that the Iraqis had several hundred thousand poorly trained, poorly equipped, and poorly led troops, while the allied forces numbered about 800,000 professionally trained and experienced troops. After the war in Vietnam it can be said that the US would not have entered into this conflict if they had not clearly known that they would win. Without any doubt, this was a war they could easily win. On February 24th the ground troops for

the coalition forced their way into Iraq and Kuwait. The attack was a mass of different operations executed at the same time in different areas. Iraqi forces proved much too weak for the strong offenses brought by coalition troops. The allied forces ended all Iraqi military operations on February 28. They basically won the entire war in about 100 hours. On April 6th, Iraq agreed to a cease-fire and the war was official declared to an end on April 11, 1991, by the UN Security Council. Iraq agreed to pay Kuwait for war damages. All of the United States objectives were completed. The Iraqis were forced out of Kuwait, and Saudi Arabia was protected. Iraq lost as many as 100 000 casualties in the war, while coalition forces only lost about 370 soldiers. However, politically, the war

may have resulted in a draw. Saddam Hussein is still in control of Iraq, and is still a big threat to the security of the world. The UN decline to forcefully remove Hussein from office. On the way out of Iraq, Iraqis disposed of many of Kuwait s oil wells by means of setting fire to them. This hazard to the environment was escalated when Iraq dumped as much as 465 million gallons of oil into the Persian Gulf. Iraq was in awful state after the war. The bombings by allied troops destroyed many transportation systems, communication systems, hospitals and other important facilities. Many civilians died after the war because of the lack of food and medicine. Years after the war had ended many veterans of the war complained of physical and psychological sicknesses that they believed

were related to their services in the war. The sicknesses were given the name Gulf War Syndrome Symptoms consisted of fatigue, joint pains, and memory loss. Troops cited that their symptoms could have been brought upon when troops destroyed a chemical weapons facility and were possibly exposed to hazardous chemicals . There is people debating that the symptoms are from post-war stress. It is still unknown today what the truths are to the theory of Gulf War syndrome. The Persian Gulf War was just another prime example of how the United States are the policemen of the world. We entered the war knowing that there was nothing to gain and more to lose. I think that the US used this war to make a statement that the world will remain a peaceful place as long as we remain the superpower