The Parthenon As A Architectural Marvel Essay — страница 2

  • Просмотров 162
  • Скачиваний 5
  • Размер файла 15

was too high for many people to use comfortably, so intermediate steps had to be provided at the center of each of the short sides. The eastern room had internal Doric colonnades in two levels, which were necessary to support the roof timbers. In Europe as well as the United States, you can see how the Parthenon directly affected the architecture of public and religious buildings constructed during the 19th Century. Even though the purpose of the buildings differed, their influence from the Parthenon s form is evident. The Second National Bank of the United States in Philadelphia has borrowed many feature of the Parthenon in its design as has the Mausoleum of Antonio Canova, in Possagno Italy. Also the Patent office in Washington D.C. is almost an exact replica of the Parthenon.

Even in Salt Lake a look at the new courthouse and the old Masonic temple you can find the Doric influence. Why is the Parthenon used so often in architecture? There is nothing overly apparent which gives answers to this problem. At first look the Parthenon appears only to the ruins of a large rectangular Doric temple. Upon closer inspection it becomes clear why this building has remained so appealing through generations. That is the use of the golden rectangle throughout its design. The golden rectangle is thought by many to be the most appealing shape to the human eye. This may explain it s continued fascination and use. It continues to have a psychological feeling of stability and permanence in its design it gives a feeling a law and order to it and its architecture. The

Golden rectangle continues to be used not only in architecture but also in all form of art. Perhaps it is also the fact that the Parthenon appears so simplistic, a large rectangular room surrounded with a walkways to be held up by many Doric columns. When the Parthenon was built it was meant to glorify all of Athens achievements and the mathematical perfectness of the world around them. It is hard to believe that even the Greeks could have predicted the lasting effect, which this single building would have on the world. That by using such precise measurements and the golden rectangle they could change architecture forever. When the Greeks built the Parthenon they did more than create a lasting monument, they created an immortal monument. Even when the remnants of the Parthenon

are no more than pebbles on the ground, its architecture will be in use throughout the world.