The Origin Of Basketball And Its Emerging

  • Просмотров 291
  • Скачиваний 5
  • Размер файла 16

The Origin Of Basketball And Its Emerging Popularity Essay, Research Paper Over the years since basketball was invented, its popularity has gotten very big. The game is played all over the world and has made a lot of people rich through its many professional leagues. The National Basketball Association is, by far, the most popular league in the world, but a lot of people like to watch college, high school, and recreational basketball as much. The game of basketball is one of the most popular and exciting games to watch or play on any skill level. In December of 1891, Dr. James Naismith was a teacher at the Young Men s Christian Association Training School in Springfield, Massachusetts. It was winter and one of his superiors, Dr. Luther Gulick, asked of Dr. Naismith to come up

with a game that could be played during the winter months (”History”). Dr. Naismith had played rugby and he didn t like the roughness of that game. He wanted a team game which would get rid of most physical contact (”Basketball”). The game contained elements from American football, soccer, and hockey (”History”). Dr. Naismith contemplated the way the game should be played and what should be used for a goal. His original idea was to have a vertical goal. When he consulted some of his students, they brought to his attention that people would be able to block an attempt to score by simply raising their hand in front of the ball. He then came up with the idea of a horizontal goal in which the players would have to throw the ball in an arc. This would mean less force would

be needed to get the ball in and it also meant that the opposing players wouldn t be able to block a shot so easily (Anderson, 5). He then asked a custodian to hang to boxes from the balcony in the gym. The custodian came back and said that he only had to peach baskets. That would have to do. The first ball used was a soccer ball. Since there was eighteen kids in his class, each team consisted of nine players (Vancil). Since the baskets were placed on the balconies, which happened to be ten feet high, the players needed a ladder to get the ball out after each score. By 1897, the size of teams had reduced to only five players and the ball was replaced with a slightly larger leather ball, very similar to what is used today (”Basketball”). As the popularity grew, more people

began to go and watch the games. Sometimes the fans would sit up on the balcony which the baskets were hung and would often interfere with a shot. This caused a problem because at that time there was no rule for fan interference. This caused another piece of equipment to be introduced. The backboard, which was often made of wire. It also made it a little easier to score because the players could now bank the ball off the backboard and this meant that the players didn t have to shoot directly at the hoop, so it made it a little harder to defend the person with the ball (”Basketball”). The courts often had a cage around them to keep the fans from just walking on the court at will. This is the origin of the term “Cagers” which referred to the players on the court (Anderson,

10). In 1906, a new type of goal, the metal hoop, was introduced. A bag of “braided cord netting” was attached to the bottom of the hoop. By pulling this cord, the ball would pop out of the net. Soon they started to use a net like the one used today (”History”). Until 1923 one player could shoot all of his or her team s foul shots. This was always the teams best shooter, which meant that this one player would more often than not, score most of his or her teams points (Anderson, 9). In 1937, the center jump rule was taken away. This rule was, that after every made basket, each team would get around the center circle as they did at the tip-off, and jump again (Anderson, 9). Before this rule was taken away, twenty points was often enough for as team to win. The departure of