The North And South . Many People — страница 2
- Просмотров 185
- Скачиваний 5
- Размер файла 16 Кб
the first battle of Bull Run in eighteen-sixty-one (1861). In May-June 1862 in the Shenandoah Valley campaign he fought brilliantly at the battles of Richmond, the Seven Days Battle, Cedar Mountain, the second battle of Bull Run, Antietam, and Fredericksburg. General Stonewall was fatally wounded at Chancellorsville from an accidental fire from his own troops. (Webster’s International Encyclopedia, pg.563).Fourth ranking Officer Joseph Eggleston Johnston was born in Eighteen-seven (1807) and died in Eighteen-ninety-one (1891). He was considered the Confederate general with the victory at Bull Run in 1861. While he was at Fair Oaks he was wounded and relieved of his command in 1864 after a feud with Jefferson Davis. He returned to his command in 1865 but surrendered to General Sherman only after two months. He was a member of the United States House of Representatives in 1879 through 1881. (Webster’s Encyclopedia, pg. 579). The Bloody Daze. McClellan for the first time as a commander revealed a weakness, he had overestimated the strength of his opponents. At the end of October 1861 he reported to the Secretary of War that Joseph E. Johnston, commanding the Confederate armies before him, had 150,000 men and that a army of 240,000 would be required to attack him. At that time Johnston commanded 41,000 effectives. Six weeks later McClellan estimated that Johnston could meet with him with “equal forces nearly”. The Confederate commander had 47,000 men, less than one-third of the number of men in McClellan’s army in the late summer early fall of 1861 the daily report of “all is quiet on the Potomac”. By the end of the year it had become a taunt. McClellan became seriously ill in late December with a typhoid fever . Lincoln could do nothing. In January 1862 the President was at the end of his patience. In a conference with ranking Union generals he commented that if McClellan did not want to use the army of the Potomac but would like to borrow it the (army). McClellan unexpectedly appeared a few days later at a second conference. When asked about his plans he refused to answer. But he did say that in his own mind he had set a time for advancement. (Civil War Years, pg. 68) Lincoln revealed a few days later what he intended to do was to transport the troops to the peninsula between the James and York rivers and move overland upon Richmond. Lincoln preferred an overland advance from Washington following the route that McDowell had taken nine months earlier which had been taken only to be balked at Bull Run. The President grasped the factneither McClellan nor the Confederate Army was the true objective. McClellan nor Lincoln would yield so an impasse kept the army in it’s camps. ( Civil War Years, pg.68). Confederate General Robert E. Lee. Lee fought in the United States Civil war July 1-3, 1863. Confederate General Robert E. Lee struck deep into Union territory, reaching Pennsylvania in June 1863 on July 1 and 2 there were many inconclusive attacks and counterattacks on July third suicidal Confederate attacks broke the Union line at Cemetery Ridge but were driven back in disorder. The Union losses were over 23,000, around 25%; Confederate losses were around 25,000, a similar percentage. The costly battle marked a reversal in fortunes of theConfederacy, paving the way for the Union victory. The weapons used at the Battle of Gettysburg in 1863 were the Springfield rifle musket , Bayonet, Sharps carbine, Spencer carbine, Cavalry sabre, Colt third model Dragoon, Remington new model revolver, Whitney revolver, Lefaucheux pinfire revolver, 3-inch rifled “Ordnance Gun”, and Napoleon smooth- bore gun-howitzer. (Webster’s International Encyclopedia, pg.232 and 433). In Conclusion , The North and the South. Who Were considered good and who were considered Ignorant? Well you pretty much can tell which one’s were ignorant and which one’s were good. In my opinion the North was the better of the two. In the end slavery was done away with and the bloodiest warof that time period was now over with. Even today the subject of racism whether or not it’s towards black, white or Jews there is always someone there to treat someone with disrespect. So in the end it will come back on them, that goes with the old saying “What goes around comes around” whether it be the South or Adolph Hitler with the Jews it will come back around.