The New Kingdom Essay Research Paper Egypt

  • Просмотров 271
  • Скачиваний 5
  • Размер файла 16

The New Kingdom Essay, Research Paper Egypt: The New Kingdom I was always fascinated with the Egyptians and their way of life. The way they utilized the water, the land and the tools still amaze me to this day. The art was something that would astound you. And the Pyramids and temples are breathtaking wonders. The New Kingdom is one of the most interesting periods of the Egyptian Empire. The New kingdom was to me the most glorious period of the Egyptian periods. The Egyptians knew how to utilize the water and make dams to irrigate their crops and bathe during the first Egyptian civilization. ?The Egyptians were accomplished farmers. They knew the Nile would flood each year and bring abundant grain.? During the 18th dynasty the Egyptians improved on farming and art by

assimilating some of the culture and artistic knowledge of the people that they conquered (I will talk about the people that they conquered later on in this report). In doing this it made them one of the greatest farmers there were. The Egyptian art and architectures during the New Kingdom still leaves people in awe to this day. Cyril Aldred stated ? The New Kingdom seems the most golden of all the epochs of Egyptian history, perhaps because so much of its wealth remains.? Although their were no pyramids built at this time, there were tombs and temples built. The Pyramids were also restored during this magnificent period by kings and Queens to come in the 18th dynasty and on into the Roman period. The pyramids are being kept up to this day. Scientist and archaeologists are trying

to figure out just how the pyramids were built. The tomb artifacts, and the tomb paintings are like a doorway to ancient Egypt. From the artifacts in the tombs, archaeologist know that men and women wore jewelry such as earrings and necklaces. In their jewelry they put amethyst, turquoise, and onyx in with copper and gold. From the paintings you would learn that they made boats, believed in different Gods and religion. The Sphinx also has archaeologist bewildered on how an ancient civilization could build one of the seven wonders of the world with the tools of their day. The Sphinx?s dimensions are: the paws; 50 feet long (15m), The Head; 30 feet long (10m) 14 meters wide (4m), The Entire Body: 150 feet (45m). ?To keep the monument within it’s past and present shape, the

Ancient Egyptians from the Old Kingdom into the new, and even in the time of the modern Twentieth century, have added to the monument to maintain it structurally.? ?The ancient Egyptians interpreted every occurrence in terms of relationship between natural and supernatural forces.? The flooding of the Nile river, the daily cycle of the sun are some of these natural forces. The Egyptians believed that the sun god Re would be reborn every day. Egypt was divided into Lower Egypt (north) and Upper Egypt (south). Early in the history of Egypt they were unified. This unification would not last but it would happen again in the 18th dynasty under the rule of Ahmose (Ahmosis). Ahmose ruled from 1570 -1546 B.C. He was the first ruler and was said to be the founder of the New Kingdom.

Ahmose drove the Hykkos across the Red Sea avenging a defeat that they had suffered more than a century ago. This unification began the expansion and power of the New Kingdom. ?During the New Kingdom, Egypt reached the peak of its power, wealth, and territory. The government was reorganized into a military state with an administration centralized in the hands of the pharaoh and his chief minister.? Thutmose I (3456 – 3443) pursued the Hykkos through Canaan and into Syria. He also expanded Egypt?s empire into Nubia. Thutmose I constructed the first tomb in the Valley of the Kings. Thutmose III ruled from 1490-1436 B.C. and he lead profound campaigns against the Palestine?s, Syria, and the Northern Euphrates area in the Mesopotamia. They conquered these people and their farmers