The National Parks of Great Britan

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Abiword HTML Document 2 School - ghymnasia №6 Project work The Natieonal Parks of Great Britan Dany by: Chernyshova Nastya From Teacher: Kestel O. V. Semey 2009 Content 1. Introduction 2. Dartmoor National park History Pre-history Beardown Man, Dartmoor The historical period Myths and literature Towns Physical geography Rivers 3. Peak district national park History Early history Medieval to modern history Transport History Totley Tunnel on the Manchester to Sheffield line Road network Public transport Geography 4. The Broads National Park History Geography 5. Queen Elizabeth Park, British Columbia History Attractions 6. History of the New Forest New Forest National Park Geography 7. Exmoor History Geology Coastline Flora Fauna Places of interest 8. Yorkshire Dales Yorkshire

Dales National Park Geography Cave systems 9. Lake District General geography Development of tourism Conclusion Additional material Literature 1. Introduction The theam of my project work “National parks of Great Britan". National Parks of Great Britan cover approximately 7% of the country. They did not have any special exotic animals or plants, But such areas as Dartmoor, Peak District, Yorkshire, Valley Noth York, the New Forest and Broads every year attract thousends of tourists. The peculiarity of the British National parks in that it isn’t “dead" area, And quite close to major urban areas, which allowed any activity aimed at restoration of nature, so most of the National psrks are more like the great urban parks or botanical gardens. Many of them - private ownership.

In my project work, I will write about some of them. Special attention I wiil pay to the study of history, culture and geography. 2. Dartmoor National park Dartmoor is an area of moorland in the centre of Devon, England. Protected by National Park status, it covers 368 square miles (953 km2). The granite upland dates from the Carboniferous period of geological history. The moorland is capped with many exposed granite hilltops (known as tors), providing habitats for Dartmoor wildlife. The highest point is High Willhays, 621 m (2,037 ft) above sea level. The entire area is rich in antiquities and archaeology. Dartmoor is managed by the Dartmoor National Park Authority whose 26 members are drawn from Devon County Council, local District Councils and Government. Parts of Dartmoor

have been used as a military firing range for over two hundred years. The public enjoy extensive access rights to the rest of Dartmoor, and it is a popular tourist destination. The Park was featured on the TV programme Seven Natural Wonders as the top natural wonder in South West England. History Pre-history The majority of the prehistoric remains on Dartmoor date back to the late Neolithic and early Bronze Age. Indeed, Dartmoor contains the largest concentration of Bronze Age remains in the United Kingdom, which suggests that this was when a larger population moved onto the hills of Dartmoor. The climate at the time was warmer than today, and much of today’s moorland was covered with trees. The prehistoric settlers began clearing the forest, and established the first farming

communities. Fire was the main method of clearing land, creating pasture and swidden types of fire-fallow farmland. Areas less suited for farming, tended to be burned for livestock grazing. Over the centuries these Neolithic practices greatly expanded the upland moors, contributed to the acidification of the soil and the accumulation of peat and bogs. The nature of the soil, which is highly acidic, means that no organic remains have survived. However, by contrast, the high durability of the natural granite means that their homes and monuments are still to be found in abundance, as are their flint tools. It should be noted that a number of remains were “restored" by enthusiastic Victorians and that, in some cases, they have placed their own interpretation on how an area may have