The Name Mary And How It Is — страница 2

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virgin birth is also agreed upon by Muslims, and is discussed in the Koran. It does not reject these views about a virgin birth, unlike the Jews who do. In sura 3, 37/42, it states that: Mary, God gives thee good tidings of a Word from Him whose name is Messiah, Jesus, son of Mary; high honoured shall he be in this world and the next, near stationed to God.12 This passage implies that the Muslims believed that Mary was a virgin when she gave birth to Jesus. However, they do not agree completely with the views that are portrayed in Luke, chapters one and two, of the New Testament of the Bible.13 Christians portray Jesus one of the most important figures in their religion. This allows us to better understand Islam, because the fact that Muslims believed in the Virgin Mary helps to

prove that Christians and Muslims came into contact with each other in Syria and other parts of the west.14 Some have argued, including R. H. Lightfoot, that it was an insult to have Jesus take on his mothers name rather than his fathers. It is believed by many that in the seventh century, most males took on the name of their father, and the only reason for having a mother s name was for negative reasons. Parrinder contradicts this by giving examples of some of the poets of that time period, like Ibn Aisha, Ibn Mayyada, who were given the name of their mother. It is also argued that Ali, one of the four rightly guided caliphs, had a son who was named after his mother in order to differentiate him from some of his brothers. It is even said that Muhammad himself was often known as

Ibn Abi Kabsha, thought to be a connection to one of his ancestors. According to Parrinder, it was not an insult to have taken on the name of your mother. He feels that the phrase Son of Mary, became so wide spread due to the popularity she gained through being the mother of the prophet Jesus. The point that Parrinder is stressing with this topic is that the term, Son of Mary, when used to refer to Jesus was in no way slanderous or implied in a negative connotation. In all ways, they were using the term in an honorable and dignified manner.15 Another debate about the use of the phrase Son of Mary, deals with the fact that it is mentioned in the book of Mark, chapter 6, verse 3. Isn t this the Carpenter? Isn t this Mary s son and the brother of James, Joseph, Judas, and Simon? The

book of Mark is believed to have been one of the first books to be written, and the referral to Jesus being Mary s son is written here only . Parrinder believes that the reference to Jesus being the son of Mary is no longer mentioned in the scriptures that follow Mark because there was just no need to write it again. Other names for Jesus were used in these chapters instead, like son of the carpenter, Son of God, Lord, and Christ. 16 Monophysite Christians, which are prominent in Ethiopian and Coptic churches, have a certain one-sided view towards Jesus. They believe he has only one true spiritual nature. They do not believe he had both a human and a divine characteristics, they saw him only as a God-like individual. This is a different view of the Nycians. They felt that Jesus

represented two persons in one being. They saw him as having both a human and a divine side. This view of the Nycians, the two aspects of Jesus, eventually won out in popularity. This Nycian view also was the official religion of the Byzantine Empire, which helped to make this view a more commonly excepted one. This is the reason for some creeds, like the Apostles Creed and the Nycian Creed, which are used extensively in today s Christian religion.17 The Koran s view of Christianity is also more closely related to that of the view of the Nycians. This is evident by the Koran s acknowledgement of Mary, and the honor that is bestowed upon her. The honor that is given to Mary also represents the importance of the Nycian s view of the human aspect of Jesus along with the spirit

portion.18 The phrase Son of Mary is also found in apocryphal books and gospels that were not mentioned in the cannon of orthodox scriptures. This proves that Syrian Christians had contact with the Islamic faith, allowing them to blend cultures, language, and knowledge.19 Parrinder and other scholars debate at the validity of these apocryphal texts, they really are not valid and do not say much. The one thing that these texts do is that they prove the fact that close ties between these two groups of people did exist.20 There are two main conclusions to be made about the use of the word Mary in the Koran and the meanings behind it. The first conclusion deals with the mother of Jesus, Mary. She holds a great deal of respect in the minds of Muslims. They see her as a person who is