The Monroe Doctrine Essay Research Paper The — страница 3

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very principles that the United States stood for. Through all of this, it is important to remember that the Monroe Doctrine was not a set of laws. Many countries honored it, but none were legally obligated to do so, except for the United States. In 1945 and 1947, some of the concepts from the Monroe Doctrine were amalgamated into the Act of Chapultepec and the Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance. The Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance was signed in 1947 in Rio de Janeiro. This treaty stated that any armed attack against an American country, would be considered an attack against all. The treaty of Chapultepec was also related to this, it stated that the Americas would provide a united defense of any American country being attacked. These two documents finally included most of the ideas

of the Monroe Doctrine. These treaties formalized the unilateral statement by one country into an agreement by all the countries of the Western Hemisphere. The gradual expansion of the Monroe Doctrine mandate would lead the United States into conflicts from Latin America, across the Pacific to Korea. One of the original intents of the Monroe Doctrine was to keep unfriendly powers from the United States 8 borders but with the gain of Phillipines, Guam, Hawaii it shifted or acquired new frontiers in Asia and the inevitable involvement into conflicts of that continent. The Korean conflict was a civil war between the North and South and, to complicate the issues, it also introduced the ideology war of capitalism versus communism. The United States entered into the conflict when North

Korea invaded the South Korea with the support of communist China and the USSR, in order to safeguard capitalism. By entering into a conflict in Asia, the United States entered into a region not originally covered by the Monroe Doctrine. The lack of a guiding idea for this region, like a Monroe Doctrine, led the United States into a long war and a high number of casualties. This shows the danger of extending the Monroe Doctrine. Soon after the Korean War, the United States got involved with the Vietnam war, another product of World War II. After World War II ended, the French, who had previously controlled Vietnam lost it to the Japanese. Eventually Ho Chi Minh and his forces declared Vietnam an independent country. The United States, in order to oppose communism and protect its

markets, encouraged South Vietnam to become independent of the communist North . After many years of fighting, the United States finally withdrew, but not before thousands of American Soldiers were killed. There are many questions raised by this conflict. The United States believed in independence and democracy but it denied Vietnam of its independence by trying to put France back into control and then supporting an unpopular regime. Another reason why the United States did this was for the “protection of democracy”. This “protecting of democracy” idea comes from a combination of the “City on a Hill” and the Monroe Doctrine. Democracy is considered the better form of govenment so the United States must use it’s power to secure democracy. Vietnam was becoming a

communist country and the United States that it was promoting democracy by allowing the French to retake control. America departed from its ideals and the Monroe doctrine by aiding France against Vietnam. One of the more recent tests of the Monroe Doctrine was the Cuban Missile Crisis. It began when Soviet Union started to build nuclear missile silos on the island of Cuba to achieve a better balance of power. The United States had earlier tried to overthrow the communist Cuban government and it led to the Russians trying to protect Cuba. The United States was afraid of this because the nuclear missiles were in such close proximity that it would leave very little time to stop them. The United States and the rest of the Americas interpreted this as a military threat and therefore

it was a breach of the Monroe Doctrine. President Kennedy declared a naval blockade and delivered an ultimatum to Soviet Union to order the ships carrying the missiles to turn back or the United States would be forced to destroy them. After a two week stand-off, the Russian government yielded. This event almost precipitated a third World War. On this occasion, it seems like the United States extended the Monroe Doctrine to the affairs of another country. In 1987, another instance of intervention occurred, this time in Panama. Apparently the people of Panama had staged numerous anti-American demonstrations. These protests were devised by the government because of the numerous sanctions made against them by the United States. These sanctions and protests increased as the president