The Mongolian Empire Essay Research Paper The

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The Mongolian Empire Essay, Research Paper The Mongolian Empire The most savage conquerors of history were the Mongols. The Mongolian empire was the largest land empire of its era and occupied land from the yellow sea in Eastern Asia to the border of Eastern Europe. The empire included land in China, Korea, Mongolia, Persia as well as parts of Thailand and Russia. The Mongols derived from loosely organized nomadic tribes around Mongolia, Siberia and Manchuria. They lived off their land and the resources provided, and became great warriors. It is believed that the Mongols helped the spread of racial tolerance, religion and trade promotion. The Mongols have also been credited with useful inventions such as paper and gunpowder. The early Empire, which thrived through the later

part of the 11th century and into the mid 12th, held within it the great conquests of surrounding lands and the creation of strong leadership. The Later Empire was a period of tolerance for the Mongolian Empire through the late 12th century. Chieftains much like the Hunnish tribes ruled Mongolian tribes until one great man named Temujin, or Genghis Khan rose to power as head chieftain. Genghis Khan unified the scattered Mongolian tribes into a great fighting force and a rising empire. He became the undisputed leader and was known as the ?Lord of all the peoples dwelling in felt tents.? Genghis aimed to train an efficient and disciplined army as well as to conquer lands for his growing empire. Genghis Khan was shrewd and ruthless with great ambition and power. He formed a crew of

highly trained officers to travel through the tribes and train people for war. The Mongols specialized in sieging other empires and used specialized tactics such as filling the moats with sandbags for easier attacks. In the Early Empire Genghis Kan hoped to conquer China to expand the Mongolian Empire. His tribes first attacked Xi Xia along the North West Chinese border. He conquered Xi Xia by judging the Chinese Armies and applying tactics for his armies in relation to this. Xi Xia was the centrepoint of the Chinese military and was a great success for Genghis Khan and the Mongols. After Xi Xia, the Mongols approached Northern China. In North China, the Jin Dynasty of the Ruzhen tribe ruled. Genghis Khan and the Mongols attacked in the spring so that their horses would survive

the route across the desert. This proves the intelligence and efficient planning that Genghis excelled at. Although the Mongols seemed well equipped for war against the Jin Dynasty, they were unable to subdue the Manchu people. Tragedy then struck the Mongolian Empire, their faithful and powerful leader, Genghis Khan died in 1227. But not before he was able to focus his ruthless attacks on Russia and Muslim lands in 1218; obtaining vast amounts of land at the cost of the Islamic-Arabic culture. Ogotai, the son of Genghis Khan ruled after his father?s death and led the Mongolians to victory against the Jin Dynasty in 1234. Seven years later, the Mongols threatened Western Europe and raided the lands with armies of over 150,000. Focusing their attacks on Hungary and Poland, the

Mongols were succeeding in battles yet fate let them back to Mongolia when Ogotai died and left them without a leader. This led to the evolution into the later Mongolian Empire at a time of greater tolerance. A picture of Genghis Khan It was not until 1279 that a new Khan accepted the role of leader of the Mongolian people. Kublai Khan was Genghis Khans grandson and succeeding in completing his grandfather?s dream by conquering China. This later Empire lasted until 1368 and established a more structural empire. A capital was formed as the centre of the Mongolian Empire, Cambuluc, located near present day Beijing. After conquering China, Kublai Chan focused his attacks on South East Asia yet his warriors were unequipped for the tropical climate of the foreign land, and could not