The Metamorphosis The Potrait Of Kafka — страница 3

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Kafka’s overpowering and abusive nature over his son, Franz, seems to peep out of the story in the form of Mr. Samsa. “His father knotted his fist with a fierce expression on his face as if he meant to knock Gregor back into his room…” (Kafka 303). Kafka was subjected to abuse and constant yelling from his father because he was a failure in his eyes. Gregor now feared, that “…at any moment the stick in his father’s hand might hit him a fatal blow on the back or on the head” (306). Gregor’s fears prove SHAH 6 true when “…from behind his father gave him a strong push which was literally a deliverance and he flew far into the room, bleeding freely”(306). This horrible climax of the ending of the first part of the story and it’s suggesting such a despair in

Gregor’s life could be thought of as directly related to Kafka’s mood at the time. His letter to Felice Bauer reads, “I am too depressed now…today the hero of my little story also had a very bad time…”(Corngold 65). Kafka’s writing does involve pain and suffering, mainly because of the behavior of his tyrannical father. Herrman’s abuse left a long lasting impression on Kafka’s psyche. Due to this, we see him using references to severe injuries in his stories. When Grete runs to the other room to get an aromatic essence for her mother, Gregor follows her and stands behind her. Startled at the sight of Gregor, Grete drops the bottle and the scattered pieces of glass cut Gregor’s face. This might be an interpretation of Kafka’s mind imagining horrifying images

of his extinction. At another attempt to come out of his room, Gregor suffers beyond limit. He is chased by his father all around the house. Kafka’s imaginative mind travels describes Mr. Samsa’s behavior: “It was an apple; a second apple followed immediately….” (Franz 317). He was soon bombarded by the many apples thrown by Mr. Samsa. This relates to Mr. Herrman’s continuation of resuming his authority over Kafka. Relating this story with Kafka’s life, William A. Madden has said, “…it is literally a true account of a man, life, and the cosmos” (Madden 211). Kafka never remained happy in his life. He always lived a guilt-ridden life, with fearful memories of his dad. SHAH 7 Resenting his father’s overbearing nature and feeling deprived of maternal love, he

nonetheless lived with his parents for most of his life and complained in long letters about his coldness and inability to love. In his letter to his father he clearly clarifies his conscience before his father: Dearest Father, you once asked me why I maintain that I am afraid of you. As usual, I did not know how to answer you, partly because of this very fear I have of you…the explanation of this fear involves so much that I can’t keep half of them together. (Encyclopedia Of World Biogarphy 405) Gregor is only one to known who supports not only himself but also his until before his metamorphosis. Kafka relates this to his actual father who he calls a vermin: You have in fact gotten it into your head to live completely off me. And the fight of the vermin, which not only

stings but also sucks blood for its self-preservation…and that’s what you are. You are unfit for life. (Corngold 71) Imagining his father as a vermin and his duties that his father expected him to be obliged to, might have lead Kafka to the end of the story. We notice that Gregor is talked about with hatred in the family. At the end, even his sister insists her parents that “it” (Gregor as a bug) should be removed. Gregor finally stops his breath and ceases to live. Gregor’s death might be related to Kafka’s actual feelings about ending his life, the proof of which can be verified in his letter to Max Brod, “I stood at the window for a long time and pressed myself against the pane, and several times I felt like frightening the toll collector on the bridge with my

fall” (67). This feelings about death is also seen projected in the beginning of the story when Gregor mentions “to hell with it!” Kafka meant more than SHAH 8 just quitting his job. He obviously was referring to death and extinction. Thus we can clearly see that even the end of the story is not just the usual end as one may guess. We have seen so far that in The Metamorphosis, Kafka directly reflects upon many of the negative aspects of his personal life, both mentally and physically. “Kafka’s reaction to his father was both to turn inwards and nurture a basic kindness and decency in his dealings with others.” When comparing Franz Kafka and his personal life to The Metamorphosis it is obvious in more than one ways that he was writing a twisted story of his life,