The Metamorphosis The Potrait Of Kafka — страница 2

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relate to the difficulties that Kafka faced the very morning of the initial composing of The Metamorphosis. In regard to this he wrote Felice Bauer, his German fianc?e: I was simply too miserable to get out of bed. It also seemed to me that last night my novel got much worse, and I lay in the lowest depths. I’ll write you again today, even though I still have to run around a lot and shall write down a short story that occurred to me during my misery in bed and oppressed me with inmost intensity. (Corngold 64) His “short story,” mentioned in his letter to Bauer, obviously refers to The Metamorphosis. The first few lines of the story clearly has an obvious connection to his difficulty in getting up from his bed. His mentioning of “running around a lot” can clearly be

interpreted in The Metamorphosis as the innumerable thoughts that are zooming by Gregor’s now inhuman brain. Kafka’s character, Gregor, obviously has to do a lot of chores: he has to catch a train and report to work since he was a commercial traveler. Kafka lived a miserable life. He was constantly haunted by the oppressive image of his father. This could be clearly seen in Gregor’s grave attempts to get out of the bed. Becoming desperate, he thinks of getting help from his dad and the servant girl, so that they can put their strong arms under his covex back and lever him out of the bed. He could then turn himself right over onto the floor and from then onwards, he hoped his SHAH 4 legs could find their proper function. But, since his door was locked, he would need to call

for help, which he does not prefer. This definitely shows Kafka’s fear of his father. He would rather lie on the bed for the rest of his life than to call his father to help him out of the bed. Kafka’s fear, projected here as Gregor’s fear of Mr.Samsa’s help, is clearly, knowingly or unknowingly, projected in his many literary works. Gregor (Kafka in real life) is definitely seen to be afraid of Mr. Samsa (Kafka’s father in real life). The fact that Kafka mentions “strong arms” also has hidden meanings behind it, which could mean nothing more than strong arms to the readers. But, these “strong arms” definitely suggest the stern and harsh personality of Kafka’s real life father, Herrman Kafka. “In his story, Kafka has undoubtedly exorcised some personal

devils, notably his ambivalent feelings towards his father, Hermann, an overbearing, intemperate, and tyrannical man whose values repeatedly collided with his son’s aesthetic interests” (Madden 212). Kafka’s interest in writing is hampered by his parents, mainly his father. Kafka lived in the shadow of his dominating father under constant pressure to take over the family business. Herrman always viewed Franz as a failure and disapproved of his writing. Herrman’s intentions for him running a business are clearly revealed in the story when Mr. Samsa mentions Gregor doing his fretwork. This obsession with wanting Franz to become a businessman often led Herrman to beat his son. Kafka’s frustration could be felt in his letter to Brod Max: -how my mother whimpers to me almost

every evening,that I should after all take a look at the factory now and again just to keep my father’s mind easy, and how father has said the same thing, in a far nastier way with looks… (Corngold 105-106) SHAH 5 One can see, in the story, the father’s loss of hope that Herrman had for his son, Kafka, when Mr. Samsa mentions the disorder of Gregor’s room – “a disorder expected of someone whom one could call ‘old dung-beetle.’ Gregor’s metamorphosis into a disgusting insect seems to confirm the father’s opinion of his son” (Corngold 77). Also, before the metamorphosis of Gregor, he used to work and support the entire family. However, after the metamorphosis, he was totally disregarded and was never given any importance. He was left alone in a room to be

dead. Mr. Samsa’s family never recognized his efforts in supporting the family, and never considered what his wants and needs might be. This, of course, is a true account of the mishaps in Kafka’s life. Through this one can clearly see that the relationship between Gregor and his father is in many ways similar to Franz and his father Herrman. From the very moment we meet Mr. Samsa, we are shown how short tempered he is, just the way Mr. Herrman was. Kafka explains, like a displeasing, fearful and a wild natured man, “[Mr.Samsa] came out hissing like a wild man” when Gregor first exited his room. Of this attempt by Gregor to come out of his room, Mr. Samsa seizes the walking stick and a large newspaper and begins flourishing them to drive Gregor back into his room. Herman