The Metamorphosis Essay Research Paper The Metamorphosis 2 — страница 3

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from those around you fails, the more self-esteem declines. We don?t see the failures of parents in this situation, but the person who was failed from their emotional needs not being met. Low-self esteem has been regarded as the center of depression. Not only does it deal with how you feel about what is inside yourself, but how you feel about your physical appearance as well. The Baker article points out that physical appearances and the sense of bodily integrity are an important component of the sense of self both in childhood and adult life. Kafkas lack of bodily integrity is symbolized by the transformation into a bug. Gregors character displays Kafka?s inner feelings about how his father perceives him. Kafka did understand why his mother couldn?t do more to alleviate his

miserable relationship with his father. Just like Franz, his mother was a victim of Hermann?s cold manipulation. Although Kafka very much admired his mother, he understood that she could not fix his feelings of isolation because of her position in the family. The feelings of isolation continued to haunt him throughout his entire life. He had to face feelings of severe isolation which forced him to become introverted but put on a façade in order to be accepted. The mental scars left from his father and the inability to relate to his family is what shaped the rest of his life. It was the feelings of inadequacy that made Kafka the creative writer that he was. In conclusion, the reason behind The Metamorphosis was to show the world what Kafka went through. Gregors relationship with

his father had a negative impact on his self-esteem and neither his mother or his sister came to his rescue, much like the desertion Kafka felt by his family. Kafkas attitude towards himself was the driving force of this short story. It shows the importance of parental acceptance and love, and how vital it is vital to ones self-esteem. Childhood years are when a person is most effected by what they are told, and how they are treated. As seen with Kafka?s story, this is not one of acceptance for who you are, but how you are depended on to meet others needs. This is proven by carefully examining the similarities between the relationships of Kafka and his father and Gregor and Mr. Samsa. The Metamorphosis is not a confession, but an indiscretion that leads you to his own personal

story. The first generation of Franz Kafka?s critics has construed The Metamorphosis, like his other enigmatical takes, diversely as a fusion of naturalism and supernaturalism, or of realism and surrealism; or as an allegory, or as a mere psychotic projection. Gregor Samsa?s metamorphosis into a bug serves, if supernatural, to magnify his natural anguish or despair; if surrealistic, to illumine the categories of self, of the absurd, or of nonentity, if allegorical, to figure the reincarnation of Christ, the isolation of the artist, neurotic illness, or alienation at large. If, finally, it expresses literally Kafka?s own view of the world, then its significance is autobiographical rather than artistic. (Binion 7) 588 Baker, Howard S., MD., and Baker, Margaret, N., PhD. "Heinz

Kohut?s Self Psychology: An Overview." American Journal of Psychiatry: January, 1987: 1-5. Binion, Rudolph. Soundings. Psychohistorical and Psycholiterary. New York: Psychohistory Press, 1981. Crawford, Deborah. Franz Kafka, Man Out Of Step. New York: Crown Publishers, 1973. Kafka, Franz. The Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka. New York: A Bantom Book, 1915. Sokel, Walter. Franz Kafka: Tragik und Ironie. Munich and Vienna: Albert Langden, Geroge Muller, 1964.