The Metamorphosis Essay Research Paper The Metamorphosis 2 — страница 2

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because of his loss of free time to which he devoted to his passion. This caused him to become severely depressed and even suicidal. In reference to Gregor and the apple (above), I would like to note that as the apple started to rot away, feelings of severe pain began as well as loss of appetite. But really Gregor was hungry, but it wasn?t for food. The only hunger he experiences is that of attention ? some kind of recognition. This touches on the idea of Lacan which is that of desire. Just as Gregor desires acceptance from his father, Kafka desires acceptance of his. The loss of appetite symbolizes Kafka?s loss of self worth and the point of giving up. He gives up on the idea that he will change back and his family will accept him with open and loving arms. Kafka?s low

self-esteem stems from the alienation he felt from his father which is shown by the rejection of Gregor?s existence. As time goes on, Gregor begins to be referred to as an "it" by his sister who was his favorite and whom he learned to depend on. But to his dismay, she began to reject him as well. This verifies Kafka?s feelings of rejection, not just from his father, but from his mother as well. Like Grete, his mother became tolerant of Gregor?s existence, and annoyed at the same time because of him being an inconvenience. This shows that while Gregor can be depended on for everything by his family, he does not get the same treatment in return. After everything he does for them, this is how they treat him. Their lack of respect is shown when they begin to move unwanted

furniture items, junk and boxes into Gregor?s bedroom. This shows that his existence is just tolerated, and not wanted. It wouldn?t matter if he was around or not, and he really became a nuisance. This is how Kafka felt in regards to his relationship with his father. He receives no support from him, he may as well not even be around, but just to work and help provide for the family financially. Kafka was looked down upon because he would rather use his time to write, which was a form of expression for him. Kafka?s father didn?t care about his needs and desires. Instead, just like Gregor, Kafka felt his father had no love for him, but rather high expectations. According to Sokel, one of the contributing factors that went into the Metamorphosis was Kafka?s responsibility to pay off

his family?s debts, and the resentment that came with the price. This is the same scenario as with the Samsa?s. Sokel wrote that the dominant element in both cases is bitterness and negative feelings towards the family, and guilty feelings towards it as well. (86-88) But not only were the negative feelings an impact, but the lack of acceptance and love from the time Kafka was growing up. I think that if Kafka?s parents would have been more supportive and respectful of his writing talents, his self-esteem wouldn?t have been so damaged. From early childhood, Kafka experienced verbal abuse from his father which is the underlying reason behind the story. According to Howard S. Baker, MD., and Margaret N. Baker, PhD., Heinz Kohut?s theory of Self Psychology states the delighted

response of the parents to the child is essential to the child?s development". Baker adds that this response mirrors back to the child, a sense of self-worth and value, creating internal self respect. The article also states that when parents respond with hostility or excessive criticism, it reflects back low worth to the child and can inhibit assertiveness. Margaret Baker states that the mirroring responses of the parent are concerned with maintenance and development of self-esteem and self-assertive ambitions. I agree with this articles point that the failure of both parental empathy and positive interaction can effect the way a child?s self-esteem develops and that the more you nurture and instill confidence in a child, it helps build the foundation on what he or she will

become. Kafka?s writings were clearly that of abuse ? abuse that was suffered right from the early age of 6 initially starting with his father. Hermann Kafka was a hard and cold man, who couldn?t find the good in anything. He grew up in a strict family quite like what he displays in his own home life. It is safe to say that Hermann?s upbringing started a chain reaction of how things were to follow once he had a family of his own. Because of this, Franz suffered for it both emotionally and physically. Constant criticism and bickering with his father made who Franz Kafka was, including what made his self-esteem the way it was. The inability to take pride in ones self can make you dependent on those around you to make you feel good about yourself. When the failure to find acceptance