The Metamorphosis As A Social Criticism Essay

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The Metamorphosis As A Social Criticism Essay, Research Paper Society often works against itself in one way or another. In reading Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka one could presume the work to be a social criticism. Throughout this story Kafka shows how society can be split into into different sections, with Gregor representing the working man at the time, and his family representing all the other kinds of people throughout society. This story shows how Gregor has worked for his family in the past, and how he subconsciously thought he had control over them. He works at an intolerable job of hard work to support his family, and gets little respect for this. It shows what happens to him when he stops working for them, he transforms into a huge cockroach. He is rejected by his

family, and he is not cared for properly which results in his death. Following Gregors death is a gleeful ending, which eventually implies that the cycle will be repeated, though this time through his sister. It is apparent even in the first sentence ?As Gregor awoke one morning from uneasy dreams, he found himself transformed into a gigantic insect? (P862, PH2) that Kafka meant something underneath the surface. Awakening from uneasy dreams could mean awakening from an uneasy, labored life by quitting it all. His transformation could mean how society can compare him to a cockroach for his giving up on them and treat him as if he was less than human. Gregor has obviously had a life of hard labor at a job that he finds to be unbearable; as he states ?Oh, God what an exhausting job

I?ve picked? (P862 PH5). He feels that he must work though. He feels that his family is incapable of supporting themselves. His mother has asthma, his father is old, and his sister is very young. As it turns out though, in the end, his family was perfectly capable of supporting themselves; In fact his father had been saving up money the entire time. In reading this first portion of the story one would be led to believe that Kafka is making a statement of how the working man feels that his life, and others would be in jeopardy if he were to stop working. Maybe Kafka is representing Gregors family as the lower class. Once Gregor gives up working for his family he finds himself transformed into a big ugly cockroach, the lowest form of life. It?s clear why gregor gave up working for

his family when he turns the key to the door and says ?They should have called out ?keep going, turn that key!?? (P868 PH4) what he needed were words of encouragement, words he never received. This could plausibly be a metaphor that the working people in society are way overworked, and get very little respect for it. It is obvious that Gregor appears disgusting to others that see him when the chief clerk runs away at first glimpse of him. This is his punishment for not working. His grotesque figure represents what he thinks people think of him. In a way this is saying, When the working man, stops working he believes people will very him as a disgusting figure one that can do nothing but live off of others. At this point Gregor?s position, and respect in the household decrease

rapidly to a point of near nonexistence. He can?t even talk to people, this is established earlier on in the story when The chief clerk says ?that was no human voice? (P867 PH5). His family locks him in his room, and feeds him old rotting food. They completely desert him, and try to move on with their lives. Gregor at this point experiences feelings of lost empathy, and longs to communicate with others. This could represent the working mans fear of poverty, it has been established that when the working man quits he becomes a disgusting creature in his and everyone?s eyes; now that?s not the main fear in the working man, it?s loss of being cared for, and loss of communication in being poor, dependent, and powerless. His not being able to speak represents the lower class man?s