The Materialism Of Society In The Great — страница 2

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108). Daisy loved Jay Gatsby when she was younger. Although she loved him, she could not marry him because he was poor. Rich, young girls did mot marry poor boys. Daisy had two powerful sources of attraction; they were money and sex (Bloom Modern 90). That is what attracted Gatsby to her. She was the substance of Gatsby s dream (Bloom 90). He lived for her. When he found her again, he expected her to be a damsel in distress waiting to be rescued (Piper 124). Tragically, she did not meet these standards. Tom Buchanan came from a wealthy family. He graduated from Yale as a football legend. Tom was arrogant and obnoxious and stood for a materialism that was inhuman (Lehan 114). He gained his assurance from his money and position in society (Bloom Modern 92). Like Daisy, Tom wasn t

faithful for he was having an affair also. He was a corrupt man and was conceived as the embodiment of evil by Fitzgerald (Piper 138). The world of the Jazz Age in which Fitzgerald lived and wrote The Great Gatsby, was brimming with materialistic values. Fitzgerald conveys a sense that the original, more spirited meaning of the American dream has been corrupted by greed (Bloom Bloom s 37). In the book The Great Gatsby, each character is in pursuit of happiness through material fulfillment. The book describes the materialism of an age. It was written in a time where values were more concerned with self-fulfillment and happiness than anything. In The Great Gatsby, the pursuit of happiness through material gain is vain and pointless. Fitzgerald was not strikingly optimistic about

the process of our nation being damned by our materialism, or of our dreams surviving its entanglement with a particularly expensive object (Bloom 24). The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald demonstrates the materialism of society through these characters: Jay Gatsby and Daisy and Tom Buchanan. Works Cited Bloom, Harold. Bloom s Major Short Story Writers: F. Scott Fitzgerald. Broomall: Chelsea House, 1999. Bloom, Harold. ed. Modern Critical Interpretations: F. Scott Fitzgerald s The Great Gatsby. New York: Chelsea House, 1986. Bruccoli, Matthew J. ed. New Essays on The Great Gatsby. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1985. Bryfonski, Dedria. ed. Twentieth-Century Literary Criticism, Vol 1. Mendelson, Phyllis, Carmel. 2nd ed. Michigan: Gale Research Co., 1978. Lee, Robert A. ed. Scott

Fitzgerald: The Promises of Life. London: Vision Press, 1989. Lehan, Richard D. F. Scott Fitzgerald and the Craft of Fiction. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1966. Magill, Frank N. ed. American Literature Realism to 1945. Pasadena: Salem Press, 1981. Magill, Frank N. ed. Critical Survey of Long Fiction ,Vol 3. New Jersey: Salem Press, 1983. Magill, Frank. Masterplots: Revised Second Edition. Pasadena: Salem Press, 1996. Martine, James J. ed. Dictionary of Literary Biography, Vol 9: American Novelists, 1910-1945. Michigan: Gale Research Co., 1981. Mizener, Arthur. A Collection of Critical Essays: F. Scott Fitzgerald. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, Inc., 1963. Piper, Henry Dan. F. Scott Fitzgerald: A Critical Portrait. London: The Bodly Head Ltd, 1965. Tate, Mary Jo. F.Scott

Fitzgerald A to Z. New York: Facts on File, Inc., 1998. Way, Brian. F. Scott Fitzgerald and the Art of Social Fiction. New York: St. Martin s Press, Inc., 1980.