The Manhatten Project Essay Research Paper The

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The Manhatten Project Essay, Research Paper The Manhattan Project The Manhattan Project was born into a “World in Crisis” (Snyder, 356). The terrible Adolf Hitler had come to power in Germany, and Italian armies sought control in Europe. “In the summer of 1939 war broke out in Europe. Within a year German and Italian armies controlled a large part of the continent[Europe]” (Killingray, 6). Japanese forces were also fighting to attain control in the large continent of Asia. In 1938, Enrico Fermi, a German scientist, discovered nuclear fission. Many scientist feared that Germany and worse, Hitler, would obtain the power of a nuclear bomb. “With such a powerful weapon, she [Germany] would be able to win the war and become the most powerful state in the world.”

(Killingray, 6). Many scientist, some refugees from Germany and Italy, feared Germany would build the first atomic bomb. They convinced president Franklin D. Roosevelt to establish a research program. This was the start of the atomic race, and America sought to win it. Albert Einstein urged the U.S. and Britain to do joint research as Allies. They both agreed though the U.S. didn?t officially enter the War until 1941. There were many big-name scientist involved in this effort. Vannevar Bush was the head of ORSD and “Coordinated all work on atomic fission.” (”Perspectives” NP). Authur Compton and his team produced the first controlled chain reaction in uranium. This was December 1942 in Chicago. Robert J. Oppenheimer was the head of the new research facility in Los Alamos,

New Mexico. When the project came under military control, Oppenheimer became the new director. “Other notable scientist include Leslie Groves, Albert Einstein, Enrico Fermi, and Edward Teller.”(”Perspectives” NP). The Manhattan Project, and all aspect of nuclear fission tested many revolutionary theories. The basic theory for all it all, however, was based on Einstein?s theory that mass could be converted into energy. Another theory to test is weather a chain reaction could actually be achieved this was only a theory based in the fact that when bombarded by neutrons, radioactive elements form supercritical masses, and also give off new neutrons, the theory states that these new neutrons would begin the process over again- a chain reaction. The Manhattan Project produced

many landmark accomplishments before the bomb was developed, the first was the 1942 chain reaction in Chicago. The bridge between the chain reaction and the final product was the gun-type atom bomb. This fired two pieces of uranium at one another to for a supercritical mass that would explode. Obviously, true landmark was the finished product: The Atom Bomb. The Manhattan Project had a great impact on the war, because of the threat of this powerful weapon. The Allies were scared of Hitler obtaining an atom bomb, Hitler on the other hand wanted this power. The first to attain it would certainly win the war. This desire led to a tremendous race for the bomb. This was the Atomic Race. At the start of the war many countries had atomic research programs. The United States and Germany

emerged as the front-runners in this “Atomic Race”. This was a deadly race, a race for supremacy and a race for the war. America won the war almost by default, as many scientist fled Germany and their supplies were destroyed, they dropped out of the race. One of the most questioned aspects of them Manhattan Project was the decision to drop the bomb. This responsibility rested on the shoulders of new president Harry Truman. After the test at Alamogordo, New Mexico, on July 16, 1945, the new question was how to use the bomb. Harry S. Truman ordered the first ever atomic bomb to be dropped on the Japanese city Hiroshima. The first city that was attacked was Hiroshima, a gun-type bomb, named “Little Boy” was selected for Hiroshima. When the blast hit Hiroshima on August 6