The Male Serial Killer Essay Research Paper — страница 2

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distant method. They are sane, plan to avoid detection, and generally seek to control others through their crimes. Power is a central motivator to the serial murderer. The profile of a serial killer as set out by McKenzie (1995) closely follows profiles currently in use by major crime units across North America, and is as follows: He is male, between the ages of 25-35, and he is white. The majority of the time he will kill white victims. The ages of his victims will vary greatly, depending on his particular “interests.” His intellect ranges from below average to above average. He doesn’t know his victims or have any particular hatred for them most of the time…they are normally strangers to him. He doesn’t come from one social class or another; he can come from skid row

or Park Avenue…just as his victims. Like many of us, he is often married, has children, and works. (p. 4) A common misconception among the public is that there is only one type of serial killer, when there actually are four distinctive types (Dehart & Mahoney, 1994). The Visionary Motive Type is generally considered insane. A visionary killer will often hear voices in his head telling him to commit the crime. The Missionary-Oriented Motive Type displays no psychosis to the outside world, but on the inside this killer has a need to rid the world of what he considers immoral or unworthy individuals. This type Serial Killer 4 of killer will select a group of people to kill off (prostitutes, for example). The Thrill Oriented Motive Type simply enjoys the thrill of the hunt.

They are extremely sadistic, reveling in the sheer joy of the act of killing. The final category encompasses the majority of serial killers. The Lust Killer is not truly what the name implies. Their killings do display a certain degree of sexual motivation, however the underlying motivator is the control and power they exert over their victims. For them, the amount of pleasure they derive from the act is in direct correlation with how much they can torture their victim; the more heinous their action, the more powerful they feel. This killer is in touch with reality and has relationships. Each of the above types can be divided further into either an organized or disorganized category (Hale, 1993). An organized killer has a job, family, and an outwardly normal life. He organizes

his deception very well. The disorganized killer is commonly a loner, sloppy in appearance, and an underachiever when it comes to grades, job performance, and relationships. Science has recently undertaken the task of investigating how someone becomes a serial killer through research into the childhood experiences of convicted multiple murderers. Research conducted by several psychologists, psychiatrists, and law enforcement departments have come to remarkably similar conclusions regarding the formation of the serial killer type of personality. The conclusion that the formation of such a personality begins early in childhood has come to be accepted within this community as fact. To date, studies conducted on convicted serial killers has revealed an uncanny psychological

resemblance that is extraordinary, which makes previous Serial Killer 5 serial killers a good reference point for the study of future ones. This research has been borne out by the research conducted by Keppel and Birnes (1997) in which 36 convicted serial killers were interviewed regarding their childhood experiences. The top four behaviours reported by the serial killers as significant in their development are surprising, yet perfectly plausible when one stops to consider how those behaviours are interwoven and how, together, they lead to a maladjusted personality. Daydreaming, compulsive masturbation, isolation and chronic lying, when viewed separately, could be attributed to childhood phases and thus quickly passed over. When viewed as a group however, they are the largest

single indicator of future homicidal behaviour yet to be discovered. For one reason or another, when a child is frequently left alone for long periods of time his mind begins to keep him company; thus begins the fantasy or daydream world. It is during these fantasies that the masturbation begins. While the fantasies may start out as normal, as a healthy response to the prolonged deprivation of stimulus, the continued isolation gives the child a chance to add to his fantasies, making them grow until they become the dominant force in his life. Considering the fact that most serial killers cite a fantasy of control or power as a large part of their motivation, this childhood behavior becomes a critical indicator of future murderous tendencies. It has also been very clearly