The Making Of America Essay Research Paper — страница 2

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major settlement also occurred in northern colony called Massachusetts. The “Puritans” arrived in 1620 at Plymouth. The reason for their arrival was simply religious freedom. The Puritans believed the Church of E`ngland still had Catholic influence. They looked to create a society dedicated to God with a “pure” Protestant foundation. The belief that community and an unrelenting work ethic is the key to God and survival allowed them to flourish. . They had a strong economy based agriculture, timbering, and fur trading and fishing. They established town halls to decide community issues on an annual basis and provided a state house to do the same. They also established the first printing press in colonial America, as well as the first seed of a university, Harvard College in

1636, for training of hopeful clergymen. This “Ideal Utopia” was somewhat of a fascade. These representatives of God massacared thousands of Indians between 1600-1750 until they were retreated well into the western mountains. Their religious beliefs grew into hysteria when they accused and executed twenty women of witchcraft. They banished the likes of Roger Williams and Abigail Adams for speaking aloud of injust, where consequentally Rhode Island and Connecticuit became settled. The Puritans sought to banish diversity in a place that had never before witnessed as much. A people called the Quaker’s who also felt that England’s Protestant religion was far from pure, came to settle an area donated by William Penn, respectively called Pennsylvania. They believed heavily in

the religion, however, they believed that everyone had a right to live with their own belief system. The Quakers farmers shared Pennsylvania with all that could live in a society of peace. People of all nationalities, color, and religious background. Penn established a constitution and an assembly where all free men could vote. This proved to be one of the most successful violent free colonies for many years.The remaining area from the St. Lawrence to the Hudson was mainly French and Dutch settled. The Dutch had peaceful trade relations with Iroqouis Indians and both maintained profits and subtstaince for several generations. Throughout the all colonies, different nationalties mixed i. e., Germans, Dutch, French, Swedish, etc. The religions also scattered. America was not

exclusive; it was inclusive. They would shortly find out how inclusive they were, when they shared oppression from England. The concept of Church was a foundation of successful colonial settlement. The Church, by mid-eighteenth century became a monument of power and greed rather than divinity. Two significant events took place addressing this problem. The “great awakening” reminded people as to the reason for colonial settlement. It also advocated a more personal relationship with God less reliant on the Church. The “glorious revolution” was event expressed the importance of church, no matter what religion. This event lead to more tolerance in religious diversity. Although, the colonies were English controlled, they were led to believe that more political freedom would

exist than they previously experienced. By late seventeenth century, a bicameral legislature existed in almost all colonies. However, the royal governor had defacto power. These governors’s had imployed a number of impositions on the colonists. Formerly only a prescense in maritime affairs Parliament imposed several restrictions that would lead to hostility. The Sugar Acrt, imposed taxes on molasses, the Currency Act, forbade issuing paper money, and The Stamp Act, mandated a stamp on all circulated documents.Colonial resistance instigated more regulations. The Townsend duties taxed lead, painter’s colors, and tea. The Quartering Act of 1765 suspended assemblies that would not comply. The Quareteing Acts also required colonists to help fund the war with France and accomadate

British soldiers when needed. These acts of “taxation without representation” lead to colonial rebellion. Violent protests left royalists stunned. The most effective reaction was the boycott on all British products and the refusal export. The Townsend act was repealed, except for the tea. Later that evening British troops fired on an unruly crowd killing five people. The continounce of the tea tax, lead to demonstration in Boston Harbor. A band of Bostonians bordered a British ship and dumped 10000 pounds worth of tea into the ocean. It became obvious at a point that the revolt was not just on taxes but on the British themselves. In reaction, British issued the “Intolerable Acts,” closing Boston’s ports until the tea was paid for. In order to address these concerns, the