The Machine Stops Essay Research Paper The

  • Просмотров 169
  • Скачиваний 5
  • Размер файла 15

The Machine Stops Essay, Research Paper The Machine Stops Communities and communications are progressing each and every day. Regardless of the different perspectives that have been adopted in the study of the cities, communities and communications are intended to impact reciprocally, either in a positive or negative way. Over the centuries, technologies have changed rapidly, bringing about innumerable advantages to the global community. At the same time, technologies have also caused many unpredicted catastrophes to the human world, as illustrated in E.M. Forster s The Machine Stops . His story depicts a machine-dominated society, which appear to be utopian at first, but which turn out to be dystopian. As such, the story contains warnings about our own society. Many

predictions that are made about the Machine in Forster s society have either occurred or are beginning to surface in today s world. According to Forster, the relationship between the Machine and human is an outcome of the social construction of technology. Hence, this imaginary world might possibly be a reflection of the future of our society. In Forster s imaginary community, people live under the surface of the earth, where they have no contact with the open air. Every living or non-living element is destroyed and all that remains is dust and dirt. Going beyond the surface of the earth is thus, an extremely unpopular idea. If the trip must be made, individuals would need to put on a respirator and request for an Egression permit. The Committee governed by the Machine guides

every aspects of the community. Any thoughts or actions against the Machine will end in homelessness – death. Each individual live in a single room connected to the Machine, where everything is done by buttons and stoppers. People are sent to different parts of the world by the public nurseries to inhabit the rooms of those who had died in various parts of earth. In this imaginary world, people travel for a purpose, not for leisure. They ride on an air ship, which is accessible through the tunnel of their rooms. Every part of the world, even every human being is the same; there is no difference in traveling. In addition, superstition is eliminated by the Machine. The Machine itself is the only thing anyone worships and everyone live by the rules found in the Book of Machine. In

terms of communication, the Machine also affects human relationships. People seldom see each other, they only stay in their rooms and communicate through a screen. Physical contacts are eliminated and it is considered impolite to touch one another. Many of these predictions do have merits in today s society. In fact, many of the factors in today s world do seem to lead towards these predictions that was made a century ago. First of all, many parts of the world have become extremely over-crowded and over-polluted that, living condition is lowered and lives are being harmed. For instance, in cities such as Hong Kong and Tokyo, the air pollution is so bad that people need to cover their nose when they cross the road. The city is so crowded that each person can only occupy a tiny

room. Thus, many people would prefer to live in suburbs, where living conditions are better. When humanities have reach the stage where every corners of the earth is packed with people and affected by pollution, the idea of using a respirator in the open air and living underground can possibly become a fact, though it might sound silly for now. Nevertheless, machines have dominated our life so much that nobody could afford to live without it. Over the centuries, machines have brought human into civilization, but in turn increased our dependence on it. When televisions became available, people abandoned their books and other leisure activities and devoted their time to watching television. When the assembly lines came about, employers abandoned their workers and devoted their