The Line Item Veto Essay Research Paper

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The Line Item Veto Essay, Research Paper The Line Item Veto President Clinton signed into law the Line item veto act of 1996, on April 9,1996. The Impoundment Control Act were amended by adding at the end a new part on line item veto. The section added to the ICA is named the Public Laws 104-130. The Line Item Veto was added to the powers of the president on January 1, 1997. The power of the Line Item veto will then be Terminated on the sunset of December 31, 2004. Previously the constitution allowed the president only to either agree and accept a whole bill or reject or veto the whole thing. Now, the Line Item Veto gives the president conditional powers to cancel , or line items of certain parts of the bill which he disagrees with. The President however, cannot just cross

out any part of a bill he doesn?t like with; he can only cancel something under certain circumstances. He has to provide congress with reason for the cancellation and he also has to consider previous legislative histories and information referenced in law. These cancellations are then considered by congress and the senate budget committees. If they do not give back a disapproval bill to the president, it means that they have agreed with the cancellations of certain parts of the bill. If they do give a disapproval bill back to the president the cancellations are now void. The line-item veto law’s intention is to reduce the deficit and surpluses. Congress and the president claim that by using the Line Item Veto method that the federal government will save $569 million over 5

years. The line item veto has been argued and debated upon in many cases. One argument started the day after the Line item Veto act went into effect. This case was Raines vs. Byrd, it dealt with the constitutionality of the line item veto. The case was dismissed because the court felt that they did not have a proper ?standing? . Another case in which the Line Item Veto was argued upon was when NY sued . The Line Item veto had caused NY to lose a provision that would reduced the state of New York’s spending on the Medicaid health care program for the poor. Congress feels that the Line Item Veto will help out the deficit the government is having right now, and do not think that it is a shift of power like others think. The congressional budget office has projected an $8 billion

surplus for fiscal 1998. Another incidence in which the president has again used his power of the line item veto was on military construction. The bill spends money on the improving National Guard and Reserve Centers, barrack construction and more. However, the money spent on all of this construction is considered to be a very large amount of money and as Rahm Emmanuel, senior administration official, said, ? a blow to the status quo in this country?. Also, after the houses debated this issue using the line item veto procedure, 129 projects that the pentagon did not want, was added on the list of projects. I personally do not agree with the Line Item veto for many reasons. One of them is that it gives too much power to the President. At first glance, it seems as if when the

president gives in a list of lined items to the congress that he does not agree with, that it goes through a vigorous process before they are actually considered to be canceled. This is untrue. While congress may write a disapproval bill to the president attempting to nullify the presidents actions, the president can still very easily get his way. All he has to do is get support from either 1/3 of the house of rep.?s or the senate to veto the disapproval bill. There is a very big chance that the president can rally up 33% of one or the other house and as you see he will get whatever he wants. Another reason why I do not agree with the Line Item Veto is because is because in the case that a forceful president like, Richard Nixon came along with the power of the Line Item Veto the