The Life Of James Joyce Essay Research — страница 2
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themselves are the moments.” (Kalasty, p.199) Although all the stories in Dubliners contain epiphanies, two stand out: the young boy in ‘Araby’ who suddenly realizes fickleness of romantic love and Gabriel Conroy the husband in “The Dead” who realizes the false image he has had of his wife all the years of their married life*. Noteworthy, Gerhart Hauptmann, had likewise collected such epiphanies in the 1880s when, “as a young man, he walked through the streets with a note book and a pencil.” (Arnold p.10) Joyce’s experimentation with prose continued in A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man published in 1916. Although the novel contains stories of epiphanies, there is the beginning of Joyce’s use of the stream-of-consciousness technique. The narration in the novel takes place in the mind of the protagonist, Stephan Dedalus undergoes a self-analysis to gain insight into his true nature. Having gained confidence employing the stream-of-consciousness technique, Joyce used it extensively in Ulysses (1922) and Finnegan’s Wake (1939). In Ulysses, Joyce depicted the experiences and the fantasies of various men and women in Dublin on a summer day in 1904. Joyce spent seventeen years writing Finnegan’s Wake, a 628 page “labyrinthe novel.” (Rice p.32) The novel has confounded not only readers but critics also; Michael Begnal offers this explanation: “the basic plot of Finnegan’s Wake is a level of narration which is interlaid, or sandwiched in among several of other levels.” (Cahalan p.150) Added to these layers of narration are the world larguages that Joyce employs. For instance the character, Leopold Bloom makes use of four different Irish accents as if Joyce were returning to the Irish ural tradition for his fiction, the carious points of view of the narration is a further complexity. In the stream-of-consciousness made Joyce had his characters conceive of the events in their minds rather than present them chronologically. Furthermore, he become very adept with his precision with words form Ibsen Joyce learned about economy of words “Ibsen manages to compress into the space of a few hours or one or two days the about life span of his characters-as Joyce world do in ‘The Dead’ in Ulysses, and perhaps in Finnegan’s Wake.” (Atteridge p.65) There was an increasing concentration on form and language in Joyce’s five novels. In A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, Joyce in a few lines, describes Stephan, Dedalues’s mood and characters. Works Cited 1. Arnold, Armin. James Joyce. New York: Frederick Ungar Publishing Co., 1969. 2. Attridge, Derek. The Cambridge Companion to James Joyce. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990. 3. Benstock, Bernard. “Joyce, James.” Twentieth Century Authors. New York: HW Wilson Company, 1942. 4. Cahalan, James M. A Critical History. Boston: G. K. Hall & Co., 1988. 5. “Joyce, James Augustine Aloysins.” Microsoft Corpuration. Encarta. CD-Rom. Encarta. 1993-1996. 6. Kalasky, Drew. Short Story Criticism. Detroit: Gale Research Inc., 1995. 7. Kenner, Hugh, Fritz Senn, E.L. Esptein, Robert Boyle, SJ. A Starchamber Quiry: a James Joyce Centennial Volume, 1882-1982. New York: Methuen & Co. Ltd, 1982. 8. Rice, Thomas Jackson. James Joyce: Life, Work, and Criticism. Frederiction: York Press LTD., 1985.