The Life And Work Of Frederick Douglass — страница 3

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slavery should not be purged from the nation’s memory. White America wanted to hear no more of the subject; emancipation had been taken care of. Many black Americans, reacting to this weariness, had become almost apologetic about their slave past (McFeely 311). Frederick Douglass also had another abolitionist publication, North Star. Rather than a book, North Star was an abolitionist newspaper. Douglass edited the antislavery newspaper for sixteen years. North Star’s name later was changed to Frederick Douglass’ Paper. The paper, after the abolition of slavery, became less important and eventually ceased to be published. Frederick Douglass played a major role in the redefinition of American literature in the Civil War time period. Abolitionism was a very important thing in

many people’s lives, and not only ex-slaves. But, with Douglass having been a slave, he had a very good reason to fight for the abolitionist movement. In the South, abolitionists were as common as snow, and did not affect the literature or lifestyles of those people very much. In the North; however, abolitionism was more of a standard practice. After all, the north was where slaves dreamed to escape to. Plantation style farming was not economically important in the north. This made slavery in northern states obsolete. The southern states, though needed inexpensive labor, therefore slavery was a way of life. These differences caused for political strife (and eventually a war). Where there is political conflict, there is also political propaganda, and other related literature.

The antislavery campaign was a popular subject for successful writers of this time period. Harriet Beecher Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin was perhaps the most popular book of the time period. Uncle Tom’s Cabin had a strong antislavery message, and it showed slavery as a very abusive thing. It is also believed that Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin played a very important role in triggering the Civil War. Frederick Douglass, being an abolitionist writer, had much in common with Stowe. Both were important to American literature and its redefinition during the Civil War time period as influenced by national division. Frederick Douglass was possibly the best black speaker and writer ever. His success came from his fight against slavery. Being a former slave, Douglass had much reason to

participate in the antislavery movement. Douglass wrote three significant autobiographies that helped define the way literature developed during the Civil War time period. These three autobiographies: Narrative Of The Life Of Frederick Douglass, An American Slave; My Bondage And My Freedom; and Life And Times Of Frederick Douglass, are the works that are seen to express a nation’s discontent for the treatment of African slaves in the south. These works document the rise of a slave to a free man, to a respected speaker, to a famous writer and politician. These works do not stand alone, though. Frederick Douglass also was famous for his abolitionist speeches. Douglass also successfully published an abolitionist newsletter, The North Star. All of Douglass’s achievements combined

with his great literature combined to redefine the writing of the time. After reading any of his works, one might realize just how important Frederick Douglass was to the abolitionist movement. Douglass changed many people’s lives, and helped to earn the respect of African Americans today. Frederick Douglass’s writings reflected many American views that were influenced by national division. BIBLIOGRAPHY Aptheker, Herbert. Abolitionism A Revolutionary Movement. Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1989. Bontemps, Arna. 100 Years Of Negro Freedom. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, Publishers, 1980. McFeeley, William. Frederick Douglass. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1991. p