The Language of Narrative Writing

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YEREVAN STATE LINGUISTIC UNIVERSITY AFTER V. BRUSOV TERM PAPER TITLE: THE LANGUAGE OF THE NARRATIVE WRITING YEREVAN - 2009 Contents Introduction Chapter One. Techniques of Narrative Writing 1.1 Selecting a Topic 1.2 Selecting Details 1.3 Organizing Information Chapter Two. Major Functions of Narration 2.1 Informing by Narrating 2.2 Objective Narratives 2.3 Anecdotes and Illustrations 2.4 Narrating a Process 2.5 Entertaining by Narrating 2.6 The Story 2.7 The Setting 2.8 The Plot 2.9 The Scene 2.10 The Summary Conclusion Bibliography Introduction The present paper explores the peculiarities of narrative writing from the view point of its structure, functions and types. Narration is an act of telling a story. It is not just telling a story, but it is also telling a story of a

sequence of real or fictional events - which seems to be a more natural activity for most people than, say, giving directions or describing a scene. Narration is the kind of writing that answers the question, “What happened?” The expression “narrative writing" covers an enormous territory. Narratives vary in length from a few sentences to long stories. Some narratives are based on actual experience, some are entirely fictitious, and others use a mixture of truth and fiction. Some narratives are meant to amuse, others inform or convey a message to readers. Narratives appear in many forms, including poetry, “regular” prose stories, and drama on the stage, in film, or on television. In short you are surrounded by narratives every day, some of them in print, many in

the electronic media, and others passed along orally. Good narratives can be spoken just as well as written, but audiences expect more polish and structure in written work. Though narratives often make serious points, many narratives are meant to amuse. Most readers enjoy lighthearted or humorous stories, even if the experiences were not humorous to the people involved at the time. Some readers are also entertained by scary stories, which may be about narrow escapes and other frightening moments in the writers’ lives. The paper consists of an introduction, two chapters, a conclusion and bibliography. Introduction reveals the general guidelines of the paper. Chapter one presents the major techniques of narrative writing. Chapter two concentrates on types and functions of

narrative writing, signing out informing by narrating and entertaining by narrating. Conclusion summarizes the results and outcomes we have come to in the course of the research. Chapter One. Techniques of Narrative Writing No one knows for how many thousands of year’s people have been telling and listening to narratives, but we do know that every culture has a storytelling tradition; even it does not have a writing system. Well before Homo sapiens learned to read and write, they had evidently framed much of their wisdom in story form. Fiction has always been a natural vehicle for people to communicate their experiences, fantasies, and fears. Similarly, children delight in stories long before they are able to read or write. Almost as soon as a child has learned to talk, she can

enjoy not only listening to stories, but making up her own as well. She may pretend, for example, that her stuffed animal is alive and wants a cookie, or she may scold a doll for some imaginary misbehavior. These baby stories become more elaborate as the child acquires more experiences to weave into her fiction, and she will often develop her own version of a story she has heard. We adults gossip, share jokes, complain about what happened to us this morning, speculate about the future. And in telling even these informal tales, we are likely to pay careful attention to the sequence of the events we are speaking about. Because stories create an order that life lacks, we naturally draw upon narrative. To make sense of our lives, we need to think of beginnings, middles, and endings,